# directories usr/texmf

Sorry about the newbie question!!

As a background: I am running Texshop and sometimes Texmaker on OSX 10.9.2

I have used a package called leipzig over the last 2 years. As instructed I have saved it into

/Users/MYNAME/Library/texmf/tex/latex

Everything worked well until I did an update of all the packages in TexUtility a week ago. Apparently the package comes now with the official distribution. although I cannot actually say whether or not it was installed on my system with this update for the first time or whether it was there before. anyway, I blamed update for the problems I got. So, I deleted the above mentioned folder believing the package would now be simply loaded from the place where all the other packages are stored. I believe this is here:

/usr/local/texlive/texmf-local/tex/latex

and indeed the leipzig package is there.

but now I get an error telling me that leipzig.tex is not found. although it is there. so, I copied the folder back to its original place (from the trash bin). but now it tells me that all the \newcommand have been assigned already. This seems like it is loaded twice or from different places?

Can anybody help me with this? and maybe explain to me why the package won't load from the place where TexUtility updates/saves the files to?

My understanding is that the directory

/Users/MYNAME/Library/texmf/tex/latex

is used for non-official packages (or the ones which I am tweaking on some way). is this the case? the other directory

/usr/local/texlive/texmf-local/tex/latex

is used for official packages. shouldn't Texmaker or Texshop find both? How are these kept apart?

Any suggested readings on this topic?

• On my system there is a LaTeX package called leipzig (\usepackage{leipzig}), but no .tex file: did you try just using the LaTeX package? – Joseph Wright May 12 '14 at 14:33
• Welcome to TeX.SX! You can have a look at our starter guide to familiarize yourself further with our format. Please help us to help you and add a minimal working example (MWE) that illustrates your problem. It will be much easier for us to reproduce your situation and find out what the issue is when we see compilable code, starting with \documentclass{...} and ending with \end{document}. – user31729 May 12 '14 at 14:33
• @JosephWright: On CTAN there is something like a sample file leipzig.tex. I suppose the OP uses that one... – user31729 May 12 '14 at 14:39
• @user51502: Is there a file called leipzig.sty too? – user31729 May 12 '14 at 14:44

The tree rooted in ~/Library/texmf is for material that doesn't belong to the official TeX Live distribution and should only be available to the owner of the directory.

The tree rooted in /usr/local/texlive/texmf-local, instead is for material that doesn't belong to the official TeX Live distribution, but should be available to all users of the same computer.

For most personal computers, owner and all users coincide, so the distinction is just practical: adding material in /usr/local/texlive/texmf-local requires running

sudo mktexlsr


in order to update the database of file names. This is not required for material in ~/Library/texmf (which is ~/texmf on Unix systems different from Mac OS X; ~ refers to the current user's home).

Font packages, however, should always be installed under /usr/local/texlive/texmf-local, so that

sudo updmap-sys


can be used. Running just updmap will create several problems whenever a font package in the main distribution is updated or added.

If you have leipzig under /usr/local/texlive/texmf-local, you should remove it, now that it is in the official distribution. If you run

tlmgr info leipzig --list


from a Terminal window, you'll receive this output:

package:     leipzig
category:    Package
shortdesc:   Typeset and index linguistic gloss abbreviations.
longdesc:    The leipzig package provides a set of macros for standard glossing abbreviations, with options to create new ones. They are mnemonic (e.g. \Acc{} for accusative, abbreviated acc). These abbre can be used alone or on top of the glossaries package for easy indexing and glossary printing.
installed:   Yes
revision:    31045
sizes:       src: 49k, doc: 477k, run: 9k
relocatable: Yes
cat-version: 1.1
cat-date:    2014-02-26 23:03:13 +0100
collection:  collection-humanities
Included files, by type:
run files:
texmf-dist/tex/latex/leipzig/leipzig.sty
source files:
texmf-dist/source/latex/leipzig/leipzig.dtx
texmf-dist/source/latex/leipzig/leipzig.ins
doc files:
texmf-dist/doc/latex/leipzig/leipzig.pdf details="Package documentation"
texmf-dist/doc/latex/leipzig/leipzig.tex


Now you know that you have to remove the corresponding directories:

sudo rm -fr /usr/local/texlive/texmf-local/tex/latex/leipzig
sudo rm -fr /usr/local/texlive/texmf-local/source/latex/leipzig
sudo rm -fr /usr/local/texlive/texmf-local/doc/latex/leipzig/
sudo mktexlsr


Check also in your ~/Library/texmf directory for similarly named directories. In order to see where the TeX programs are looking for leipzig.sty, do

kpsewhich leipzig.sty


which, if the above removal procedure has been successful, should output

/usr/local/texlive/2013/texmf-dist/tex/latex/leipzig/leipzig.sty


I stumbled upon the same problem as TO and wanted to share how I managed to solve the problem. I installed leipzig via texlive and it didn't work as well.

For some reason, leipzig.tex was gunzipped at /usr/share/texlive/texmf-dist/doc/latex/leipzig, in other words, it appeared as leipzig.tex.gz. Therefore, I had to unzip it using the following code:

sudo gunzip /usr/share/texlive/texmf-dist/doc/latex/leipzig/leipzig.tex.gz


Next, I copied it to where I thought it belonged, i.e., to the same directory where leipzig.sty is located at. Of course, this had to be followed up by letting TeX now that there would be new files to be found:

sudo cp /usr/share/texlive/texmf-dist/doc/latex/leipzig/leipzig.tex /usr/share/texlive/texmf-dist/tex/latex/leipzig/
sudo mktexlsr


After these steps, it worked!

Try installing it again using TeX Live.

I was told to avoid installing packages myself. You can use the TeX Live Utility (if you have TeX Shop, you probably have it). I see the Leipzig package in the current distribution (http://mirror.math.ku.edu/tex-archive/systems/texlive/tlnet/).

You can use TeX Live to install it. As you are using Mac OS, on the finder type TeX Live with the space in it and choose filename. Once on TeX Live, click on Packages and the type leipzig on the search box then finally double click it to install the package again.

• This will not help, though. Because the locally installed one will still be found first. – cfr Jun 12 '14 at 0:38