# Bibdesk citing [?] instead of a proper citation [duplicate]

new to LaTeX and BibDesk. Hoping to somehow figure out how to get it to work!

I've entered all the required information into a bib file called Chapterbib.bib and saved it in the same folder as my file. In order to cite a source in my document, I copy the citation key into my document where I'd like to cite a source - however, rather than putting a citation in I simply get [?] after my sentence. I'm not sure what sort of packages or commands I should be using so any advice as to how to get moving from here would be much appreciated. Thank you for your help!

## marked as duplicate by Joseph Wright♦Jun 15 '14 at 17:33

• Welcome to TeX.SX! Can you please post a minimum working example starting at \documentclass{...} and ending with \end{document}? It will really help us to help you! In general, you need to run a separate program (e.g. biber or bibtex) and then latex or pdflatex again to get the citations properly inserted, but you've not given enough information for us to help you. – darthbith May 16 '14 at 15:05
• See here: tex.stackexchange.com/q/136898/32374 – darthbith May 16 '14 at 15:07
• Which editor do you use? (TeXShop, TeXworks, Texmaker, TeXStudio, Emacs, Vim, something else) In TeXshop for example, you first select LaTeX and click Typeset to compile, then you select BibTeX and click Typeset, and finally select LaTeX again, and compile twice. See tex.stackexchange.com/a/133742/586 for some screenshots. TeXworks has a similar interface. – Torbjørn T. May 16 '14 at 19:45

It is simple ! First of all, you have to mention some parameters. You have to choose the bibliography style, like apalike, and then point to your .bib file using the command \bibliography. No need to put .bib file in the current folder :

\bibliographystyle{apalike}
\bibliography{/Users/../LibraryBibDesk.bib}


Now you have to cite in your article using for example : \cite{Rolf-Adams:1994aa}.

When you finish, you have to compile your .tex file and use BibTeX as follow :

1. LaTeX
2. BibTeX
3. LaTeX
4. LaTeX
• Hi! Thanks so much for your help! If you don't mind, may I ask what BibTex is? I don't really understand the four step process you've put down after your comments. – user51838 May 16 '14 at 16:58
• @user51838 BibTeX is an additional program that is used to tell (La)TeX what to put in the places you see [?]. See here for more info, and also see the question I linked above: en.wikibooks.org/wiki/LaTeX/… If you have a question about how to set up your IDE to run bibtex, that is a different question and you should 1) search if there is an answer already, 2) look at the documentation for your IDE and 3) if you still can't do it, ask a new question. Hope it helps! – darthbith May 16 '14 at 18:50