I have a bibliography (.bib) file:

author = {D. Tong},
title = {{L}ectures on {S}tring {T}heory},
year = {2012},
archivePrefix = {arXiv},
eprint = {0908.0333},
primaryClass = {hep-th}}

In my LaTeX file, I included:



In addition, I used, \cite{tong2012string} next to where I'd like the [1] to appear, and finally attempted to print the bibliography using \printbibliography.

What Happened:

Instead of including [1], in the PDF it printed [tong2012string] in bold. Also, the blbiography was not printed at all. I've tried:

  • Making sure I'm using biber by specifying 'backend=biber'
  • Deleting any auxiliary files that may have been causing the problem

However, my .blg file is always the same:

    This is BibTeX, Version 0.99dThe top-level auxiliary file: String.aux
I found no \citation commands---while reading file String.aux
I found no \bibdata command---while reading file String.aux
I found no \bibstyle command---while reading file String.aux
(There were 3 error messages)

Windows 7, using TeXStudio and MiKTeX

Working Example




See above for .bib file.

  • Welcome to TeX.SX! Please help us to help you and add a minimal working example (MWE) that illustrates your problem. It will be much easier for us to reproduce your situation and find out what the issue is when we see compilable code, starting with \documentclass{...} and ending with \end{document}.
    – Sverre
    May 27, 2014 at 15:16
  • @Sverre: I'm on it, thanks for letting me know :)
    – JamalS
    May 27, 2014 at 15:19
  • You're running bibtex, not biber. May 27, 2014 at 15:22
  • 1
    You have specified backend=biber, which means you have to compile with the sequence pdflatex - biber - pdflatex. If you switch to backend=bibtex then you can run pdflatex - bibtex - pdflatex, or F6 - F11 - F6 in TeXstudio. May 27, 2014 at 15:25
  • 2
    There is some info on running biber from TeXstudio in tex.stackexchange.com/questions/154751/… May 27, 2014 at 15:26

1 Answer 1


Make sure you actually run the biber command between runs of latex:

   latex test.tex
   biber test
   latex test.tex

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