I use zotero to manage my bibliography, and export collections to BibTeX when I'm writing in LaTeX. I use apacite as my style (I'm a psychology student).

I have a citation that should end up looking like this:

Ranney, M., Cheng, F., Garcia de Osuna, J., & Nelson, J. (2001, November). Numerically Driven Inferencing: A New Paradigm for Examining Judgments, Decisions, and Policies Involving Base Rates. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Society for Judgment and Decision Making, Orlando, FL.

It is a "paper" which is really a talk at a conference with no proceedings. The closest I can get is with a Zotero "Presentation" with the following in the type field. Ends up as a "misc" in the BibTeX file:


type = {Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Society for Judgment & Decision Making}

Yields the following in my LaTeX / BibTeX output (unwanted square braces):

Ranney, M., Cheng, F., Osuna, J. G. de, & Nelson, J. (2001). Numerically driven inferenc- ing: A new paradigm for examining judgments, decisions, and policies involving base rates [Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Society for Judgment & Decision Making]. Orlando, FL.

Or, I can get close by hand-adding a booktitle field to the misc entry.

Note that Zotero outputs the "right thing" (to a word doc, or plain text, etc.) using a presentation, type = Paper, conference = the annual meeting of the Society for Judgment & Decision Making.

Anyway, I can just hand-code this as a lecture, but that sucks a little for my current work-flow.

Any ideas / hacks for how to deal with the problem much appreciated!

  • This question doesn't quite speak to my question, but does imply that maybe I shouldn't be using apacite...
    – Dav Clark
    Commented May 13, 2011 at 23:39
  • If anyone's interested, there's a sister thread in the zotero forums here
    – Dav Clark
    Commented May 15, 2011 at 18:51
  • 1
    you may want to have a look at this workflow using Zotero, biblatex, biber.
    – doctorate
    Commented May 20, 2013 at 12:02
  • @doctorate Thanks for mentioning that! My current workflow is pretty similar to yours, I think (except mine is Vim based, and I'm using LuaLaTeX). Unfortunately, the way Zotero does bibtex export, I need to fix up approximately a third of the entries by hand anyway. So, the auto-matic approach doesn't save me too much time. I also just enable the more traditional bibtex key autocompletion. I've been thinking that the "right" solution would be to allow a generic search string that biber could interpret and run against the zotero DB. That is, we re-think what "keys" are altogether...
    – Dav Clark
    Commented May 22, 2013 at 18:59
  • 1
    @DavClark I just had this same question... and here you are, asking it five years ago. <3
    – katyhuff
    Commented Jan 27, 2016 at 1:16

3 Answers 3


I have used

title= {talk title},
author = {author names},
year = {year},
note= {conference name},
URL= {url link to talk abstract if any},

to cite conference talks in my thesis

  • 2
    Yeah - I think that does what I want too... for now, I've settled on using "misc," which I'm not certain is any different under the hood from unpublished. "misc" is no different in its output than the apacite-specific class "lecture," which seems to be the most semantically appropriate thing, but I'd rather not use apacite-specific classes! Instead of "note" I'm using "howpublished." But anyway, I appreciate your answer!
    – Dav Clark
    Commented May 15, 2011 at 18:49
  • @DavClark Thanks for the comment. That was exactly what was needed. If you put it as answer and accept it, I will upvote it.
    – Henrik
    Commented Jul 22, 2012 at 13:11
  • No worries - I think it's more straightforward to just leave the answer all together!
    – Dav Clark
    Commented Aug 1, 2012 at 3:14
  • 1
    Somewhere in my LaTeX wanderings, I acquired the criterion for using @unpublished: Document having author & title but not formally published. In my personally maintained text templates for the different BibTeX entries, I have author and title fields designated as optional under @misc but not as optional under @unpublished. I conducted a time-limited search for the source of this guidance but haven't found it. Commented Dec 1, 2023 at 19:51

Both @misc and @unpublished put the "Paper presented at" in parens, "[" and "(" respectively.

author = {author},
title = {title},
howpublished= {Paper presented at the meeting of Organization Name, Location},
year = {year}

This looks more like Example 7.04 of APA 6 Publication Manual (page 206)

  • How about a full qualified answer, with an example document?
    – user31729
    Commented Jun 12, 2014 at 15:41
  • Did you try misc with apacite?
    – Dav Clark
    Commented Jun 17, 2014 at 16:51
  • @booklet works great if you don't want the parentheses added by @misc. Thank you! Here is my example (used with apa6) if anyone wants one: @booklet{Girard2016b, author = {Girard, Jeffrey M and Wright, Aidan G C and Stepp, Stephanie D and Pilkonis, Paul A}, howpublished = {Symposium conducted at the meeting of the Association for Psychological Science, Chicago, IL}, year = {2016, May}, title = {Interpersonal dynamics in couples with personality pathology} } Commented Jun 1, 2017 at 17:53
  • this is all helpful, but for something like this wouldn't the exact date be appropriate? How would a person get biblatex-chicago to add the full date?
    – spindoctor
    Commented Mar 26, 2020 at 17:37

For a conference session (e.g., talk or in my case, a poster) formatted in APA7, I was finally able to finagle the format with this. Note that the addendum is not automatically closed off with a period, so it's admittedly a bit hacky in that you have to explicitly add the period within the closing brace.

    author       = {\textbf{Last1, F1.}, and Last2, First2 and Last3, First 3},
    title        = {My super cool poster presentation or conference session},
    date         = {2024-01-01/2024-01-03},
    howpublished = {Conference session},
    addendum     = {Conference Name, City, State, Country.}

The result should be:

Last1, F1., Last2, F2., & Last3, F3. (2024, January 1–3). My super cool poster presentation or conference session [Conference session]. Conference Name, City, State, Country.

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