I'm using the option pagebackref in hyperref package and I get just the links list at the end of each reference name. It should print something like "Cited on page/s ", but I don't manage it even to do that.

My aim is to change some command to make it say that in Spanish, and I found it already considers Spanish in backref.sty, which is called by hyperref, I think... Reading hyperref, backref, backrefx's documentation didn't help.

Any guess?

Related: Formatting back references in bibliography

  • It seems to work with the command \backrefalt redefinition in tug.org/pipermail/texhax/2009-November/013746.html , which is also mentioned in the backrefx documentation, although after some other code I didn't even try as I don't know very well how it works. Mine is a trial and error approach. – Andrestand Jun 7 '14 at 16:46
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    For those looking for how to create back-references without hyperref, consider using the package citeref (listed among the suggestions here, see also this discussion, in particular the comments about licensing). – Ioannis Filippidis Dec 14 '17 at 21:14


    \ifcase #1 Not cited.%
          \or Cited on page~#2.%
          \else Cited on pages #2.%

I put this is in a \tiny font in between square brackets []. Change to your own tastes:)

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  • Tiny [ and ] or no one, I suposse. ;) And, why the \relax? – Andrestand Jun 8 '14 at 18:57
  • @Andrestand Yeah, I like the normal size brackets and tiny backrefs...no idea why I put the \relax in :) – user30471 Jun 8 '14 at 22:29
  • ;) What I meant is that with that code my PDFLaTeX is printing a normalsize [ but a tiny ], as the second one is before the first }. – Andrestand Jun 8 '14 at 22:54
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    @Andrestand Sorry, you're right. I've corrected this. – user30471 Jun 8 '14 at 23:24
  • If there are m,ore pages, this returns, for instance, Cited on pages 2, 3 and 4. I am writing in another language (portuguese), so I would like to change the word and to the portuguese word e. How can I do it? – Pedro G. Mattos Apr 6 at 5:10

For a similar scenario, I preferred using a more concise text and explain it at the beginning of the bibliography, rather than using \tiny (which looks bad here, especially inside normal-sized brackets). Combining Andrew's answer with natbib's \bibpreamble and some space before the actual reference list with \bigskip, I ended up with the following setup, to customize as needed:

% Add any needed options:

% Customize list of backreferences.
% From https://tex.stackexchange.com/a/183735/1340
    \ifcase #1%
          \or [Page~#2.]%
          \else [Pages~#2.]%
% Explain list of backreferences.
% https://tex.stackexchange.com/a/70953/1340
  [Citing pages are listed after each reference.]%

Of course, one can customize that preamble text (and formatting) further. To move the prelude closer to the title, for now I've settled on the following—but I'm not sure such low-level tuning is good typography (the above looks safer), so YMMV:

\newcommand{\myBibPreambleText}{[Citing pages are listed after each reference.]}

  \vspace{-2 \bigskipamount}%
  \par \vspace{2 \bigskipamount}}

EDIT: instead of hacking vertical spacing like that, it's probably more robust (typographically) to modify \bibsection to add a "subtitle", so that TeX computes the appropriate position. I can do this with the following code, where I've added \\ {\normalsize\mdseries \myBibPreambleText} to the definition of \bibsection which was in use for me, unless I load the tocbibind package, which rewrites the relevant code.

\newcommand{\myBibPreambleText}{[Citing pages are listed after each reference.]}

  \chapter*{\bibname \\ {\normalsize\mdseries \myBibPreambleText}}
  \@mkboth {\MakeUppercase {\bibname }}{\MakeUppercase {\bibname }}
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