# Extra space above boxed multi-line equation

Well, this question is not new. It was asked back in 2007 in texhax, and answered at the same time.

However, I couldn't apply the patch as mentioned in the answer, so I decided to ask it here. Consider this code:

\documentclass{article}
\usepackage{amsmath,amssymb}

\begin{document}
\fbox{\begin{minipage}{6cm}
\begin{align*}
&H(x) \colon \\
&\qquad \textnormal{Select a random $|x|$-bit prime $q$.} \\
&\qquad \textnormal{Let } r \in_R \mathbb{Z}^*_q \\
&\qquad \textnormal{Output } \langle r, r^{h(x)} \bmod q \rangle
\end{align*}
\end{minipage}}
\end{document}


It generates something like this: As you can see, there's an extra empty line above H(x).

How can I remove it?

## 3 Answers

Use the empheq package

\documentclass{article}
\usepackage{amsmath,amssymb}
\usepackage{empheq}
\begin{document}
\begin{empheq}[box=\fbox]{align*}
&H(x) \colon \\
&\qquad \textnormal{Select a random $|x|$-bit prime $q$.} \\
&\qquad \textnormal{Let } r \in_R \mathbb{Z}^*_q \\
&\qquad \textnormal{Output } \langle r, r^{h(x)} \bmod q \rangle
\end{empheq}
\end{document}


Resulting in You can even make it a colorbox with

\begin{empheq}[box=\colorbox{yellow}]{align*} Set \abovedisplayskip to 0pt:

\documentclass{article}
\usepackage{amsmath,amssymb}

\begin{document}

\fbox{\begin{minipage}{6cm}
\setlength\abovedisplayskip{0pt}
\begin{align*}
&H(x) \colon \\
&\qquad \textnormal{Select a random $|x|$-bit prime $q$.} \\
&\qquad \textnormal{Let } r \in_R \mathbb{Z}^*_q \\
&\qquad \textnormal{Output } \langle r, r^{h(x)} \bmod q \rangle
\end{align*}
\end{minipage}}

\end{document}


Just don't use align for this, which is a task for tabular

\fbox{\renewcommand{\arraystretch}{1.2}
\begin{tabular}{l@{}l}
\makebox[2em][l]{$H(x)$:}\\
& Select a random $|x|$-bit prime $q$. \\
& Let $r \in_R \mathbb{Z}^*_q$ \\
& Output $\langle r, r^{h(x)} \bmod q \rangle$
\end{tabular}}


and you don't even need to guess the width of the alignment.