When I use \begin{itemize} ... \end{itemize}, the items are displayed as dashes. But I want them to be displayed by bullets.
Those are my headers:

\usepackage[algosection, boxruled, linesnumbered]{algorithm2e}
    colorlinks, linkcolor={dark-red},
    citecolor={dark-blue}, urlcolor={medium-blue}
\item Item 1
\item Item 2
\item Item 3

As far as I've read, the french options makes this. But I have french nowhere. What could cause this?

  • Welcome to TeX.SX! Please help us to help you and add a minimal working example (MWE) that illustrates your problem. It will be much easier for us to reproduce your situation and find out what the issue is when we see compilable code, starting with \documentclass{...} and ending with \end{document}. Your code does only (parts of) a preamble, but no \begin{document}...\end{document} section – user31729 Jun 12 '14 at 20:59
  • 1
    The culprit is llncsdoc, which has \renewcommand{\labelitemi}{--}. Do you think you really need it? I don't think so, it's just for typesetting the class manual. – egreg Jun 12 '14 at 21:01
  • @egreg I have removed it but nothing changed. – padawan Jun 12 '14 at 21:03
  • I had the same issue, but I had a silly mistake. \end{itemize} was missing on one of the earlier pages. – Nilkanth Jadhav Jun 21 '18 at 9:25

This is the default behaviour of llncs.cls as it sets

\renewcommand\labelitemi{\normalfont\bfseries --}

meaning first-level itemize items will be set with dashes, while second-level items will be set with bullets. You can adjust this by adding to your preamble


However, consider that for journal submissions, these things should not be altered.

As a showcase of this behaviour, here's a minimal example:

enter image description here

\documentclass{llncs}% ftp://ftp.springer.de/pub/tex/latex/llncs/latex2e/llncs2e.zip


  \item Like this,
  \item and like this.


  \item Like this,
  \item and like this.

  • Of course the \let would make second level itemized list to have the same label as first level lists. I'm not sure this is recommendable. – egreg Jun 12 '14 at 21:06
  • The conference requires articles preferably formatted in the LNCS style. Does it mean, including the bullets? – padawan Jun 12 '14 at 21:07
  • 1
    @cagirici: I would think so, since this forms part of their style. – Werner Jun 12 '14 at 21:27
  • That said, a bullet list is a graphical element. One should be free to choose the graphical elements they wish for their own manuscripts. For example, a figure can have any shape that serves it's purpose best. That LNCS (arbitrarily) chose to put dashes outmost and bullets innermost seems to have little justification (why not in the opposite order?). After all, one could be using their own little package for bullets all along, never noticing that Springer has altered the default itemize environment. – Ioannis Filippidis Feb 18 '16 at 21:39

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