# LLNCS bibliography problem

I am using llncs format to write a paper. But I am not getting the references as mentioned in the sample pdf file. All my references as stored in one bib file. Can some one tell me what are exact commands I should use to get llncs reference style. Thank you.

• In addition to having `\documentclass{llncs}` be the opening instruction of the document, do you have the directive `\bibliographystyle{splncs03}` somewhere in the document, and did you run LaTeX, BibTeX, and LaTeX twice more? If you've done all these things and no bibliography is generated, have you checked the `xxx.log` and `xxx.blg` files (where `xxx` is the name of your main tex file) for error messages? – Mico Jun 25 '14 at 19:36
• Does llncs format gives references in numeric format or some thing like[ABC10]. Can some tell me exact order of references. – VKR Jun 25 '14 at 19:40
• Unless you use a specialized citation management package such as `natbib`, it is the bibliography style (for your document, probably `splncs03`) and not the document class (`llncs`) that determines the format of the citation callouts and the sorting order (or lack thereof) of the entries in the bibliography. With `splncs03`, the citation callouts will be numeric and the bibliographic references will be sorted alphabetically by authors' names. – Mico Jun 25 '14 at 19:51
• @Mico Thank you for help. Now every thing is working fine – VKR Jun 25 '14 at 19:59
• @Mico Either an answer or vote for closing. – egreg Mar 14 '15 at 23:57

You need to specify the bibliography style that is to be applied -- the document class `llncs` doesn't do that for you.

Springer distributes the style file `splncs03.bst` along with the document class file `llncs.cls`. Your preamble should therefore contain the following instructions

``````\documentclass{llncs}
...
\bibliographystyle{splncs03}
...
``````

Whenever the argument of `\bibliographystyle` is modified, be sure to run LaTeX, BibTeX, and LaTeX twice more to fully propagate all changes.

``````\bibliographystyle{splncs}