Could someone kindly help me how I can correctly display the following formula?


The output is shown below.

enter image description here

However, the overline should not be continuously extending over both \Gamma_\theta and R_\theta. I would expect something like the following, which is the edited version of the above picture using Microsoft Paint.

enter image description here

  • 3
    \overline{\Gamma}_{\theta}\overline{R}_{\theta}^{2} – egreg Jul 7 '14 at 17:56
  • I actually want to show that the averaging is on \Gamma_\theta and not on \Gamma. Please let me know of your thoughts. – AFP Jul 7 '14 at 18:07
  • You could insert a "thinspace", \,, between the two groups of variables. However, I think the expression looks a lot better if you do not extend the overline over the subscript \thetas, i.e., if you follow @egreg`s advice. – Mico Jul 7 '14 at 18:11
  • 2
    i think this looks better still: (\pi\rho\overline{\Gamma_{\!\theta}} \,\overline{\!R_\theta}^2) with a few more space adjustments. – barbara beeton Jul 7 '14 at 18:15
  • Thank you @barbara beeton, @egreg, and @mico. Barbara's solution is exactly what I want. I also agree that @egreg's solution is simpler and nicer. It would be great to have your thoughts on what this \overline{\Gamma}_{\theta} implies? Does it imply averaging over \Gamma or \Gamma_theta? – AFP Jul 7 '14 at 18:21

Shortening the overline on the right when a subscript is involved seems the best thing to do; it won't completely cover the subscript, but it doesn't seem really necessary:


\newcommand{\average@sub}[2]{% #1 is _






The optional argument is meant to shorten the overline on the left when the argument is slanted. The first line is the original \overline.

enter image description here

  • Errors and other odd things happen for $\average{\mathrm{R}_\theta}$. – Dan Jul 7 '14 at 20:48
  • 1
    @Dan Surely so; complex arguments like this should be input as \average{{\mathrm{R}}_\theta}. The alternative is to have separate macros for variable with or without subscripts. – egreg Jul 7 '14 at 21:16

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