My bibliography (made with biblatex) has all items close to each other. I would like to introduce some space between them, e.g. half a line.

How can I do this?


increase one of the lengths:

\bibitemsep length between two different entries, preset to \itemsep

\bibnamesep length between two entries of different authors

\bibinitsep length between two entries of authors with different first letter

For example, if you want to increase the \bibitemsep by 50%, you could use:

  • 17
    That won't work for packages where \itemsep is already zero. Better to use \setlength\bibitemsep{0.5\baselineskip} or something document-related. Jun 19 '16 at 21:49

I've used the answer given by Herbert, but it didn't work for me. This could be probably due to the recent update of biber to v2.4 (March 2016).

Hereby, I propose an alternative that worked for me (i.e. introducing a space between the bibentries in the list):


You've to put this in the preamble right after \usepackage{biblatex}

  • 3
    Mhhh, a Biber update should have nothing to do with that. A biblatex update might just, but it is extremely unlikely I would say. The more likely explanation is that your documentclass sets \itemsep to a small value so that you can't tell 1.5\itemsep from \itemsep. Without an example it is of course hard to say ...
    – moewe
    Apr 1 '16 at 16:33

I've used the answer given by Herbert, but it didn't work for me too. It was because {1.5\itemsep} is the default size. \setlength\bibitemsep{5\itemsep} produced what I wanted to.

  • How is the different from the previous answer (except for the changes in the separation). Welcome to TEXSE. Jul 31 '19 at 7:21
  • Yes you are right. I'm not familiar with the interface. Thanks for welcoming me. Jul 31 '19 at 11:32
  • Indeed, I think this is more of a comment than an answer. Could you move it to the comment? In case, if you cannot do so (due to reputation), let me know, I will do it on behalf of you :) Jul 31 '19 at 11:45
  • The default size of \bibitemsep as defined in biblatex.def is \setlength{\bibitemsep}{\itemsep}, see l. 292 of biblatex.def. Some biblatex standard styles set \bibitemep to 0pt (authortitle- and authoryear-based styles), but none sets it to 1.5\itemsep. Maybe the \itemsep in your document is zero?
    – moewe
    Aug 3 '19 at 6:45

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.