# Removing blank space above bibliography items

How do I properly remove the space above bibliography inserted without the respective caption? Please see the screenshot below with the inconsistent spaces being delimited by red lines. Two-column layout has been obtained with the 'paracol' package. (I should mention here that using this package has no influence on the resulting extra space being added.)

MWE used to generate the output:

\documentclass[11pt,a4paper]{article}
\def\section*#1{}          % let's get rid of the caption 'References'
\usepackage{bibunits}
\usepackage{paracol}
\setcolumnwidth{3cm,10cm}  % column widths
\begin{document}
\noindent\textbf{Published articles}
\par\begin{paracol}{2}
\noindent peer-reviewed\\journals
\switchcolumn
\begin{bibunit}\nocite{*}\putbib[pub]\end{bibunit}
\end{paracol}
\end{document}


BibTeX file pub.bib:

@article{art,
author  = {John Doe and Jane Smith},
title   = {Some witty paper title},
journal = {Journal},
year    = {2014},
volume  = {1},
number  = {2},
pages   = {1--5}
}


Please note that since the package 'bibunits' is used (I need to insert multiple bibliographies), one has to run BibTeX with the parameter 'bu1' instead of the name of the .bib file.

I am aware of the topic 'Remove heading from bibunit' but the hack mentioned therein was unfortunately of no help.

When I tried to remove the extra space via setting various dimensions/lengths to 0 pt, there was sometimes a slight change but the spaces were still far from equal. So, which parameter do I need to set to 0 pt to remove the extra space? Or - do I need to redefine section heading in some other way than \def\section*#1{}?

So far the only thing that helped was using \vskip\correction\vskip0pt with \correction being an experimentally determined negative length, but this is more of a workaround rather than a solution. :/

Thanks.

nvx

It is due to the \topsep as the bibliography is typeset as a list. If you make \topsep and \partopsep zero, then the problem is solved. Taking egreg's code and adding \setlength{\topsep}{0pt} and \setlength{partopsep}{0pt} in the re-definition of thebibliography removes the extra space.

\documentclass[11pt,a4paper]{article}
\makeatletter
\renewenvironment{thebibliography}[1]
{\list{\@biblabel{\@arabic\c@enumiv}}%
{\settowidth\labelwidth{\@biblabel{#1}}%
\leftmargin\labelwidth
\setlength{\topsep}{0pt}                     %%<--- here.
\setlength{\partopsep}{0pt}
\@openbib@code
\usecounter{enumiv}%
\let\p@enumiv\@empty
\renewcommand\theenumiv{\@arabic\c@enumiv}}%
\sloppy
\clubpenalty4000
\@clubpenalty \clubpenalty
\widowpenalty4000%
\sfcode\.\@m}
{\def\@noitemerr
{\@latex@warning{Empty thebibliography' environment}}%
\endlist}
\makeatother          % let's get rid of the caption 'References'
\usepackage{bibunits}
\usepackage{paracol}
\setcolumnwidth{3cm,10cm}  % column widths
\begin{document}
\noindent\textbf{Published articles}
\par\begin{paracol}{2}
\noindent peer-reviewed\\journals
\switchcolumn
\begin{bibunit}\nocite{*}\putbib[pub]\end{bibunit}
\end{paracol}
\end{document}


Here is a stab using tcolorbox as an added bonus:

\documentclass[11pt,a4paper]{article}
\def\section*#1{}          % let's get rid of the caption 'References'
\usepackage{bibunits}
\usepackage[many]{tcolorbox}
\tcbuselibrary{skins,breakable}
\newtcolorbox{mycolumn}[1][]{
colback=white,
left=0.5ex,
top=0pt,
arc=0pt,
outer arc=0pt,
enlarge left by=1in,
enlarge right by=-\dimexpr1in+\parindent\relax,
right=\dimexpr1in\relax,
leftrule=0pt,
rightrule=0pt,
toprule=0pt,
bottomrule=0pt,
breakable,
nobeforeafter,
enhanced jigsaw,
overlay={
\node[anchor=north east,inner sep=0pt,align=left,text width=1in]
at ([yshift=-1.5ex]frame.north west) {#1};
},
before=\vskip\itemsep\noindent
}

\begin{document}
\noindent\textbf{Published articles}
\begin{mycolumn}[peer-reviewed\\journals]
\begin{bibunit}
\nocite{*}
\putbib[xampl]
\end{bibunit}
\end{mycolumn}
\end{document}


Adjust all instances 1in in the definition of mucolumn suitably. Advantage with tcolorbox is one can go fancy with colors and border rules.

• Thanks for the exhaustive answer! Although there still remains some extra space there even if I set \topsep to 0 pt (please notice that the baselines are different for the left and right columns in your first screenshot), this can be easily corrected via \setlength{\partopsep}{0pt}. In other words, one does not even need to estimate the correction as you did ("may be -2pt is better"). :)
– nvx
Jul 24, 2014 at 6:53
• @nvx I am very sorry. Before I could add it, my net connection was cut. Glad you found it. I have added it now.
– user11232
Jul 24, 2014 at 23:35