# Proper use of the emp package

I've used metapost for generating figures for my latex documents for some time, but I've always managed them as separate documents, and included the resulting graphics into the latex document using \includgraphics{figure.mps}. However, I decided to try the emp package to incorporate the metapost definitions directly in my main document.

Here's a working example (working.mp) of the metapost code I'm trying to generate:

verbatimtex
\documentclass [12pt]{article}
\newcommand \stack [1]{\vbox {\halign {\hfil ##\hfil \cr #1\crcr }}}
\begin {document}
etex;
input expressg;
beginfig(1);
LaTeX_unitlength := 1.0pt;
w := 40*LaTeX_unitlength;
h := 40*LaTeX_unitlength;
z0 = origin;
drawroundedbox(0, 2.5cm, 3cm, 5mm)(btex \stack{Domain\cr Name\cr Service} etex);
endfig;
verbatimtex
\end{document}
etex;
end.
endinput;


I can invoke TEX=latex mpost working.mp and it successfully process this file.

Here's an MWE of the latex file (test.tex) I'm trying to use to generate the same metapost figure:

\documentclass[letterpaper,12pt, openbib]{article}
\usepackage[utf8]{inputenc}
\usepackage{emp}
\empaddtoTeX{\newcommand\stack[1]{\vbox{\halign{\hfil##\hfil\cr#1\crcr}}}}
\empprelude{input expressg}
\DeclareGraphicsRule{*}{mps}{*}{}
\title{Emp Package Test}
\author{Author}
\begin{document}
\maketitle
\begin{empfile}[\jobname-figs]
\section{Emp Package Test}
This is a test trying to get a macro properly added to the verbatimtex section
of the generated metapost file.

\verb+\newcommand\stack[1]{\vbox{\halign{\hfil##\hfil\cr#1\crcr}}}+

The macro above is what we are trying to add.  However, things aren't working
out the way I want them to.  Instead, what's showing up in the MetaPost file is:
\begin{verbatim}
verbatimtex
\documentclass [12pt]{article}
\newcommand \stack [1]{\vbox {\halign {\hfil ####\hfil \cr ##1\crcr }}}
\begin {document}
etex;
\end{verbatim}

\begin{figure}
\begin{center}
\begin{emp}(40,40)
z0 = origin;
drawroundedbox(0, 2.5cm, 3cm, 5mm)(btex \stack{Domain\cr Name\cr Service} etex);
\end{emp}
\end{center}
\caption{\label{fig:emp}Example using embeded MetaPost}
\end{figure}
\end{empfile}
\end{document}


Running pdflatex on example.tex produces example-figs.mp. Running the same mpost command on example-figs.mp fails with this output:

--(0)> TEX=latex mpost test-figs.mp
This is MetaPost, version 1.803 (kpathsea version 6.2.0dev)
(mpost.mp (/usr/share/texlive/texmf-dist/metapost/base/plain.mp
Preloading the plain mem file, version 1.004) ) (./test-figs.mp
(/usr/share/texlive/texmf-dist/metapost/expressg/expressg.mp
>> "expressg.mp version 1.61, 2004/03/17")fatal: Command failed: latex --parse-first-line --interaction=nonstopmode mpm0nOLA.tex; see mpxerr.log
>> test-figs.mp
>> test-figs.mpx
! ! Unable to make mpx file.
l.13       drawroundedbox(0, 2.5cm, 3cm, 5mm)(btex
\stack{Domain\cr Name\cr
Transcript written on test-figs.log.


Examining the metapost file the emp package created (test-figs.mp) reveals that it is identical to the working.mp file I showed at the beginning except for the definition of the \stack macro added in the verbatimtex ... etex block at the start:

verbatimtex
\documentclass [12pt]{article}
\newcommand \stack [1]{\vbox {\halign {\hfil ####\hfil \cr ##1\crcr }}}
\begin {document}
etex;


This was added by the \empaddtoTeX macro that is in the preamble of test.tex.

I have two related questions:

1. How can I get \empaddtoTeX from doubling all the '#' characters in the argument passed to it.
2. I really want a %&latex added to the verbatimtex block so I can invoke metapost as just mpost test-figs.mp instead of the way I described, but \empaddtoTex{%&latex} doesn't work because everything after the '%' is treated as a somment, and pdflatex complains about the missing '}'. Can this be done?
• You probably want to use gmp rather than emp for embedded Metapost. The key difference is that gmp works :-) – Thruston Jul 31 '14 at 17:54
• Looking more closely, I see that gmp suffers from the same problem of doubling the #s - but at least with gmp you can put your macro definition in an external file and \input it to work round the problem. – Thruston Jul 31 '14 at 18:42
• @Thruston - yeah, I tried an example using gmp after I posted the question and discovered it also doubled the #s. I didn't think to try putting the macro in a separate file and use \input because it seemed silly to create a separate file for a single macro. However, that approach also works for emp :-) I'd still like to know if there's a way to prevent the doubling of the #s though. – ttaylor Jul 31 '14 at 19:48

## 1 Answer

Possibly the same trick can work also with emp, but, for obvious reasons, I prefer gmp. ;-)

\documentclass[12pt]{article}
\usepackage[utf8]{inputenc}
\usepackage[shellescape,latex]{gmp}

\gmpoptions{everymp={input expressg;}}
\catcode#=12
\mpxcommands{\newcommand\stack [1]{\vbox {\halign {\hfil ##\hfil \cr #1\crcr }}}}
\catcode#=6

\begin{document}

\title{Gmp Package Test}
\author{Author}
\maketitle

\section{Emp Package Test}
This is a test trying to get a macro properly added to the verbatimtex section
of the generated metapost file.

\begin{figure}[htp]
\centering
\begin{mpost}
z0 = origin;
drawroundedbox(0, 2.5cm, 3cm, 5mm)(\btex \stack{Domain\cr Name\cr Service} etex);
\end{mpost}
\caption{Example using embeded MetaPost}\label{fig:emp}
\end{figure}
\end{document}


It needs running the file with -shell-escape (it's possible that a new version will avoid it, as now mpost is in the list of “safe” programs for the restricted shell escape).

However, the simplest workaround is to create a small .tex file, say mpmacros.tex with

\newcommand\stack[1]{\vbox{\halign{\hfil##\hfil\cr#1\crcr}}}


in it and simply doing

\mpxcommands{\input{mpmacros}}


On the other hand, you can simply avoid this with

\documentclass[12pt]{article}
\usepackage[utf8]{inputenc}
\usepackage[shellescape,latex]{gmp}

\gmpoptions{everymp={input expressg;}}

\begin{document}

\title{Gmp Package Test}
\author{Author}
\maketitle

\section{Emp Package Test}
This is a test trying to get a macro properly added to the verbatimtex section
of the generated metapost file.

\begin{figure}[htp]
\centering
\begin{mpost}
z0 = origin;
drawroundedbox(0, 2.5cm, 3cm, 5mm)(
\btex {\begin{tabular}{@{}c@{}}Domain\\ Name\\ Service\end{tabular}} etex
);
\end{mpost}
\caption{Example using embeded MetaPost}\label{fig:emp}
\end{figure}
\end{document}