63

I want to create a LaTeX table with three rows which have different row heights. How can I do this?

The following code

\renewcommand\arraystretch{2.4} \setlength\minrowclearance{2.4pt}

seems make each row has the same height.

  • 6
    you could probably use \rule{0pt}{<lenght>} to create a line with 0 width but a certain vertical length. – Martin H Jun 1 '11 at 7:32
72

Try this:

\documentclass{article}
\begin{document}
\begin{tabular}{cc}
\hline
hi & tall one\\[10ex]
\hline
hi & medium one\\[5ex]
\hline
hi & standard one\\
\hline
\end{tabular}
\end{document}

So you can specify the height of a row with the optional argument

  • 23
    how do you vertically centralize the elements in a cell, using the [ex] optional argument?! – Ivan Machado Nov 21 '12 at 22:57
  • 10
    Using \\[<space>] adds space to the end of the last cell, so if the last cell of each row has significantly different contents, then the row height can vary. This is easily solved by adding an extra column, and keeping it empty. Then \\[<space>] always makes the row <space> as a minimum. – Nathanael Farley Dec 17 '12 at 11:03
  • 5
    @NathanaelFarley This won't help when you have hlines as then adding an additional column will produce extra lines at the end. Additionally, it still keeps the contents vertically spaced near the top rather than within the cell in the center vertically – Aram Papazian Aug 15 '14 at 13:07
  • @AramPapazian This can be fixed by using columns like {cc@{}c@{}} as the @{} will make the space either side of the empty column 0 pt. – Nathanael Farley Aug 18 '14 at 9:12
2

As none of the current answers address the issue of how to center the content vertically, I here introduce \xrowht[<footprint>]{<length>} to add an extra .5<length> of height above and below a \vphantom of a <footprint>. The default footprint takes the height of a 0 character, which is great if the data has no descenders. For data with descenders, an optionally specified footprint of () makes more sense.

\xrowht can be added to any cell in the row. Here, I add it to the 1st column cells, for convenience.

In the MWE, the 1st row is unmodified, then for successive rows, 10pt, 20pt, 30pt, and 40pt are symmetrically added. I also use an optional footprint in the 2nd row, which contains descenders.

\documentclass{article}
\usepackage{stackengine}
\newcommand\xrowht[2][0]{\addstackgap[.5\dimexpr#2\relax]{\vphantom{#1}}}
\begin{document}
    \begin{table}[h]
      \begin{tabular}{|c|l|}
        \hline
         col1 & col2 \\
        \hline\xrowht[()]{10pt}
        1 & 2g \\
        \hline\xrowht{20pt}
        3 & 4 \\
        \hline\xrowht{30pt}
        5 & 6 \\
        \hline\xrowht{40pt}
        7 & 8 \\
        \hline
      \end{tabular}
    \end{table}
\end{document}

enter image description here

0

Code for a latex table with adjustable row height. (Credits to previous posts)

    \begin{table}[h]
      \begin{tabular}{|c|l|}
        \hline
         col1 & col2 \\%[2ex]
        \hline
        & \\[-2ex]
        1 & 2 \\[0.75ex]
        \hline
        & \\[-2ex]
        3 & 4 \\[2ex]
        \hline
        & \\[2ex]
        5 & 6 \\[3ex]
        \hline
        & \\
        7 & 8 \\
        \hline
      \end{tabular}
    \end{table}

Your table will look like this.

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