# How to specify the row height in LaTeX table?

I want to create a LaTeX table with three rows which have different row heights. How can I do this?

The following code

\renewcommand\arraystretch{2.4} \setlength\minrowclearance{2.4pt}


seems make each row has the same height.

• you could probably use \rule{0pt}{<lenght>} to create a line with 0 width but a certain vertical length. Jun 1 '11 at 7:32
• I obtain an error that \minrowclearance is an undefined control sequence. Do you need to load a package? Dec 11 '19 at 10:58
• @Karlo \usepackage{colortbl} Jan 19 at 8:54

Try this:

\documentclass{article}
\begin{document}
\begin{tabular}{cc}
\hline
hi & tall one\\[10ex]
\hline
hi & medium one\\[5ex]
\hline
hi & standard one\\
\hline
\end{tabular}
\end{document}


So you can specify the height of a row with the optional argument

• how do you vertically centralize the elements in a cell, using the [ex] optional argument?! Nov 21 '12 at 22:57
• Using \\[<space>] adds space to the end of the last cell, so if the last cell of each row has significantly different contents, then the row height can vary. This is easily solved by adding an extra column, and keeping it empty. Then \\[<space>] always makes the row <space> as a minimum. Dec 17 '12 at 11:03
• @NathanaelFarley This won't help when you have hlines as then adding an additional column will produce extra lines at the end. Additionally, it still keeps the contents vertically spaced near the top rather than within the cell in the center vertically Aug 15 '14 at 13:07
• @AramPapazian This can be fixed by using columns like {cc@{}c@{}} as the @{} will make the space either side of the empty column 0 pt. Aug 18 '14 at 9:12
• @NathanaelFarley you wrote "Then \\[<space>] always makes the row <space> as a minimum." but this is not what happens. If I replace your tabular with the following, \begin{tabular}{cc} 1 & \\[0mm] 2 & \\[5mm] \end{tabular} the first row is 4.36mm high while the second measures 9.36mm. The 5mm goes into some equation but it's not the minimum height when leaving the last column blank. Jun 16 at 14:56

As none of the current answers address the issue of how to center the content vertically, I here introduce \xrowht[<footprint>]{<length>} to add an extra .5<length> of height above and below a \vphantom of a <footprint>. The default footprint takes the height of a 0 character, which is great if the data has no descenders. For data with descenders, an optionally specified footprint of () makes more sense.

\xrowht can be added to any cell in the row. Here, I add it to the 1st column cells, for convenience.

In the MWE, the 1st row is unmodified, then for successive rows, 10pt, 20pt, 30pt, and 40pt are symmetrically added. I also use an optional footprint in the 2nd row, which contains descenders.

\documentclass{article}
\usepackage{stackengine}
\begin{document}
\begin{table}[h]
\begin{tabular}{|c|l|}
\hline
col1 & col2 \\
\hline\xrowht[()]{10pt}
1 & 2g \\
\hline\xrowht{20pt}
3 & 4 \\
\hline\xrowht{30pt}
5 & 6 \\
\hline\xrowht{40pt}
7 & 8 \\
\hline
\end{tabular}
\end{table}
\end{document}


• How can I extend the first row? Just natively adding \xrowht{20pt} afterr the first \hline results in \xrowht{20pt}... Feb 27 '20 at 16:56
• Sorry, copy paste error: ... it results in main.tex|56 error| Misplaced \noalign. main.tex|56 error| Misplaced \omit.  Feb 27 '20 at 17:09
• Right, the problem is with including multicol: \documentclass{article} \usepackage{stackengine} \usepackage{multicol} \newcommand\xrowht[2][0]{\addstackgap[.5\dimexpr#2\relax]{\vphantom{#1}}} \begin{document} \begin{table}[h] \begin{tabular}{|c|l|} \xrowht{20pt} \multicolumn{2}{|c|}{ multicol } \\ \hline\xrowht{20pt} col1 & col2 \\ \hline\xrowht[()]{10pt} 1 & 2g \\ \hline\xrowht{20pt} 3 & 4 \\ \hline\xrowht{30pt} 5 & 6 \\ \hline\xrowht{40pt} 7 & 8 \\ \hline \end{tabular} \end{table} \end{document}  Feb 27 '20 at 17:37
• @Theova Move the \xrowht macrow inside the \multicolumn, such as \multicolumn{2}{|c|}{ \xrowht{20pt} multicol } \\  Feb 27 '20 at 17:41
• @ Steven: Thank you very much. This works as desired :-) Feb 29 '20 at 15:46

It is easy peasy to set row heights and get perfect middle alignment for multirow cells with new LaTeX3 package tabularray:

\documentclass{article}

\usepackage{tabularray}
\NewColumnType{M}[1]{Q[m,c,#1]}

\begin{document}

\begin{tblr}{colspec={M{3cm}M{3.5cm}M{3.5cm}},row{2-4}={7ex}}
\hline
Alpha & Beta & Gamma \\
\hline
\SetCell[r=3]{c} Text & Text & Text \\
\hline
& \SetCell[r=2]{c} Text Text Text Text Text Text Text Text & Text \\
\hline
& & Text Text Text Text Text Text Text Text \\
\hline
\end{tblr}

\end{document}


Code for a latex table with adjustable row height. (Credits to previous posts)

    \begin{table}[h]
\begin{tabular}{|c|l|}
\hline
col1 & col2 \\%[2ex]
\hline
& \\[-2ex]
1 & 2 \\[0.75ex]
\hline
& \\[-2ex]
3 & 4 \\[2ex]
\hline
& \\[2ex]
5 & 6 \\[3ex]
\hline
& \\
7 & 8 \\
\hline
\end{tabular}
\end{table}