# How to set up a two-sided document with large pictures and margins?

i used a one-sided document with the following geometry content

\usepackage{geometry}
\geometry{
top=3.5cm,
bottom=3.5cm,
outer=6cm,
inner=2cm,
heightrounded,
marginparsep=0.8cm,
marginparwidth=4.7cm
}


to get images to a proper size i used the following code to push the picture inside the margin

\begin{figure}[h]
\newgeometry{margin=1.8cm}
...
\restoregeometry
\end{figure}


... it looks like:

Now i changed the paper to a two-sided document in the document-class. I also updated the geometry code as follows

\usepackage{geometry}
\geometry{
top=3.5cm,
bottom=3.5cm,
outer=6cm,
inner=2cm,
heightrounded,
marginparsep=0.8cm,
marginparwidth=4.7cm,
twoside=true  % <--- !!!!
}


But i have some problems with big pictures on even pages:

The image should also be pushed into the margin. Any advice how to change the

\newgeometry{margin=1.8cm}


command?

• Did you try specifying lmargin or rmargin? margin by itself applies automatically to all the margins. – musarithmia Aug 19 '14 at 13:15
• I tried both, but nothing changed. It would be nice, if it automatically applies on both types of pages, odd and even, so i don't have to check all the pictures, whether it's on a even or odd page. – Frank Aug 19 '14 at 13:35
• Try package changepage. with it you can locally change the width for your figure. Package also detect odd/even page and adjust margins properly in asymmetric page layout. See package documentation. – Zarko Aug 19 '14 at 14:09
• This does only affect the images (not the caption) and pushes them left or right with a wrong size. – Frank Aug 19 '14 at 16:02
• If you put the caption together with figure inside changepage, the caption should follows position of a figure. my experiences with memoir, which incorporate changepage ability show me, that this should work. – Zarko Aug 19 '14 at 16:50

I finally came up using the following code with some examples how to set up the pictures and captions:

\documentclass{scrartcl}
\usepackage{scrextend}

\usepackage{geometry}
\geometry{
top=3.5cm,
bottom=3.5cm,
outer=6cm,
inner=2cm,
heightrounded,
marginparsep=0.8cm,
marginparwidth=4.7cm,
twoside=true,
hmarginratio=1:1
}

\usepackage{caption}
\usepackage{subcaption}
%\usepackage{subfig}
\captionsetup[subfigure]{labelformat=simple, labelsep=colon}
\captionsetup[figure]{position=b}
\captionsetup[subfigure]{position=b}

\marginparwidth+\marginparsep\relax}
\newsavebox\figurebox

\usepackage{mwe}
\begin{document}
\section{Testchapter}
\blindtext
\begin{figure}
\ifthispageodd{\makebox[\textwidth][l]}%
{\makebox[\textwidth][r]}%
{\includegraphics[width=1.2\textwidth,height=2cm]{example-image}}
\caption{First test figure: \blindtext}
\end{figure}

\Blindtext
\begin{figure}
\ifthispageodd{\makebox[\textwidth][l]}%
{\makebox[\textwidth][r]}%
{\includegraphics[width=1.2\textwidth,height=2cm]{example-image}}
\caption{Second test figure: \blindtext}
\end{figure}

\blindtext
\begin{figure}
\begin{minipage}{\linewidth}
\ifthispagewasodd\else\raggedleft\fi
\includegraphics[width=.9\textwidth,height=2cm]{example-image}
\caption{Third test figure: \blindtext}
\end{minipage}
\end{figure}

\blindtext
\begin{figure}
\begin{minipage}{\linewidth}
\ifthispagewasodd\else\raggedleft\fi
\includegraphics[width=.9\textwidth,height=2cm]{example-image}
\caption{Fourth test figure: \blindtext}
\end{minipage}
\end{figure}

\blindtext

test

\begin{figure}
\savebox\figurebox{%
\includegraphics[width=1.2\textwidth,height=2cm]{example-image}%
}%
\begin{minipage}{\linewidth}
\ifthispagewasodd\else\raggedleft\fi
\usebox\figurebox
\captionsetup{width=0.8\linewidth}
\caption{Fifth test figure:jwehfewjf\"uoiewj\"ufoijew\"uoi oewfjewoi iuhew ewpfoijewf epwoifje weoipfj ewfopijwef weopifjew fwepoifjwe fpewoij}
\end{minipage}
\end{figure}

\blindtext
\begin{figure}
\savebox\figurebox{%
\includegraphics[width=1.2\textwidth,height=2cm]{example-image}%
}%
\begin{minipage}{\linewidth}
\ifthispagewasodd\else\raggedleft\fi
\usebox\figurebox
\caption{Sixth test figure: \blindtext}
\end{minipage}
\end{figure}

\end{document}

• So this is basically your MWE? – John Kormylo Aug 20 '14 at 14:05
• BTW, there is a problem in that \ifthispageodd uses the page the float was defined on, not the page it appears on. – John Kormylo Aug 20 '14 at 14:23
• Yes, its a MWE. The problem you mentioned didn't affect my work. I saw some drifts in the images while compiling the first time, but after the second compilation it worked as intended ;) – Frank Aug 20 '14 at 17:07
• You really don't have to change the geometry to put things into the margins. Use \hspace with a negative distance either before (left margin) or after (to prevent overfull boxes). \hfill\llap{} will right justify into the left margin, and \rlap{}\hfill\newline will left justify into the right margin. – John Kormylo Aug 20 '14 at 23:15

This demonstrates left and right shifted images with captions aligned with both the text and with the images.

\documentclass{scrartcl}
\usepackage{scrextend}

\usepackage{geometry}
\geometry{
top=3.5cm,
bottom=3.5cm,
outer=6cm,
inner=2cm,
heightrounded,
marginparsep=0.8cm,
marginparwidth=4.7cm,
twoside=true,
hmarginratio=1:1
}
\usepackage{graphicx}
\usepackage{caption}
\usepackage{subcaption}
%\usepackage{subfig}
\captionsetup[subfigure]{labelformat=simple, labelsep=colon}
\captionsetup[figure]{position=b}
\captionsetup[subfigure]{position=b}

\newcommand{\widebox}[1]% #1 = contents
{\ifthispageodd{\rlap{#1}\rule{\textwidth}{0pt}}%
{\rule{\textwidth}{0pt}\llap{#1}}}

\usepackage{mwe}

\begin{document}
\section{Testchapter}
\blindtext
\begin{figure}
\widebox{\includegraphics[width=1.2\textwidth,height=2cm]{example-image}}
\caption{First test figure: \blindtext}
\end{figure}

\lipsum[1-4]
\begin{figure}
\widebox{\includegraphics[width=1.2\textwidth,height=2cm]{example-image}}
\caption{Second test figure: \blindtext}
\end{figure}

\blindtext
\begin{figure}
\ifthispageodd{}{\null\hspace{-.2\textwidth}}%
\begin{minipage}{1.2\textwidth}
\includegraphics[width=\textwidth,height=2cm]{example-image}
\caption{Fourth test figure: \blindtext}
\end{minipage}%
\ifthispageodd{\hspace{-.2\textwidth}}{}%
\end{figure}

\blindtext
\begin{figure}
\ifthispageodd{}{\null\hspace{-.2\textwidth}}%
\begin{minipage}{1.2\textwidth}
\includegraphics[width=\textwidth,height=2cm]{example-image}
\caption{Fourth test figure: \blindtext}
\end{minipage}%
\ifthispageodd{\hspace{-.2\textwidth}}{}%
\end{figure}

\Blindtext
\end{document}