I want to reduce spacing between figure and text (not caption) and between paragraphs. I'm using revtex4 package (two column style).

  • The reason TeX inserts more vertical space here is to avoid having the very start of a paragraph (first two lines or so) separated from the rest of the paragraph. It's part of the page breaking algorithm, I believe. I would reconsider if you actually want this... Commented Aug 19, 2014 at 16:38

1 Answer 1


To reduce the spacing between figures and text, you can use \belowcaptionskip if all your figures have a \caption:


    Figure contents
    \caption{Figure caption}

In order to reduce the spacing between paragraphs, set \parskip:


To see the current value, use \the\parskip (displayed in document) or \showthe\parskip (displayed in latex output).

  • It does work for paragraphs, but not for figures. I'm having few figures and text between them in two column paper, but figure-text spacing is quite irregular.
    – Boki
    Commented Aug 19, 2014 at 16:21
  • Try also setting textfloasep=20pt, set to 0pt first to see difference.
    – yannisl
    Commented Aug 19, 2014 at 18:01
  • \belowcaptionskip obviously only works if you have a \caption.
    – Scz
    Commented Aug 20, 2014 at 8:11

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