This question points out that in the book class, as soon as the \backmatter command appears, the chapter numbering ceases to work properly. Thus, one is essentially forced to put the bibliography after the appendices. In principle, I agree with this ordering. However, my university's administration requires that the contents of my thesis appear in the following order:

  • Intro and so forth
  • Body
  • Bibliography
  • Appendices

It is causing me a major headache to get the numbering of the appendix chapters to appear at all. Any suggestions for a workaround?

  • What does "ceasing to work properly" mean? One could circumvent some of the implications of \backmatter.
    – Werner
    Commented Aug 30, 2014 at 1:26
  • @Michael Mods can't merge accounts: you'll need to use the help link (bottom of the page) to ask the StackExchange staff to sort it out.
    – Joseph Wright
    Commented Aug 30, 2014 at 6:23
  • 1
    Just don't issue \backmatter; by default the bibliography is not numbered.
    – egreg
    Commented Aug 30, 2014 at 11:36
  • @Joesph Wright: Thanks for the advice. Why, don't we delete these comments? I've deleted my first one.
    – Michael
    Commented Aug 30, 2014 at 18:58

1 Answer 1


Simplest hack is to use a group like

{             %%<--- start the group
  }             %%<--- end the group


  \chapter{Some front matter}
  \chapter{some main matter}
  {             %%<--- start the group
  }             %%<--- end the group
  \section{some section in appendix}


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