6

This is a follow up question related to this post making a big summation sign

I am trying to rescale the sum sign in the same way as in the above post. The problem is that the lower bound of the sum also becomes bigger which I don't want.

 \documentclass[11pt,a4paper,oneside]{report} 
 \usepackage[pdftex]{graphicx} 
 \usepackage[T1]{fontenc} 
 \usepackage{fouriernc}
 \usepackage{mathtools}
 \usepackage{amsfonts,amsmath,amssymb,amsthm} 
 \usepackage[a4paper, hmargin={3.5cm,3cm}, vmargin={2.5cm,2.5cm}]{geometry} 
 \usepackage{relsize}

 \begin{document}

 \begin{equation}
 c_{ij}=\sum_{i^{\prime}<i^{''},j^{\prime}<j^{''}}\begin{pmatrix*}[c]
 i&i^{\prime}&i^{''}\\1&2&3
 \end{pmatrix*}
 \begin{pmatrix*}[c]
 i&i^{\prime}&i^{''}\\1&2&3
 \end{pmatrix*}
 \end{equation}

 \begin{equation}
 c_{ij}=\mathlarger{\mathlarger{\sum}}_{i^{\prime}<i^{''},j^{\prime}<j^{''}}
 \begin{pmatrix*}[c]
 i&i^{\prime}&i^{''}\\1&2&3
 \end{pmatrix*}
 \begin{pmatrix*}[c]
 i&i^{\prime}&i^{''}\\1&2&3
 \end{pmatrix*}
 \end{equation}

 \begin{equation}
 c_{ij}=\mathlarger{\mathlarger{\mathlarger{\sum}}}_{i^{\prime} <i^{''},j^{\prime}<j^{''}}
 \begin{pmatrix*}[c]
 i&i^{\prime}&i^{''}\\1&2&3
 \end{pmatrix*}
 \begin{pmatrix*}[c]
 i&i^{\prime}&i^{''}\\1&2&3
 \end{pmatrix*}
 \end{equation}

 \end{document}

output enter image description here

I think the second version looks best, unfortunately the lower bound is clearly enlarged as well. What can be done to prevent it? Also, why the delimiters of the matrices are not adjusted to the content they surround? Thank you.

  • What's the reason for making a larger summation sign? By the way, the limit should be input as _{i'<i'',\,j'<j''} – egreg Sep 11 '14 at 13:28
  • Becauase, the sign becomes very small compared with the rest of the equation. (This is just a fragment of the whole equation, there are even bigger matrices that are included in this equation). – user124471 Sep 11 '14 at 13:36
  • 3
    I see no reason nonetheless. – egreg Sep 11 '14 at 13:38
6

I see no reason for making the summation symbol larger. Big matrices are no excuse.

If you really want to ignore this advice, here's the correct way to proceed with \mathlarger:

\documentclass[11pt,a4paper,oneside]{report}
\usepackage{fouriernc}
\usepackage{mathtools}
\usepackage{relsize}

\begin{document}

\begin{equation}
c_{ij}=\sum_{i'<i'',\,j'<j''}
\begin{pmatrix}
i&i'&i''\\1&2&3
\end{pmatrix}
\end{equation}

\begin{equation}
c_{ij}=\mathop{\mathlarger{\sum}}_{i'<i'',\,j'<j''}
\begin{pmatrix}
i&i'&i''\\1&2&3
\end{pmatrix}
\end{equation}

\begin{equation}
c_{ij}=\mathop{\mathlarger{\mathlarger{\sum}}}_{i'<i'',\,j'<j''}
\begin{pmatrix}
i&i'&i''\\1&2&3
\end{pmatrix}
\end{equation}

\end{document}

I avoided the triple \mathlarger as it's incredibly awful and I've no doubt that the top one is right.

enter image description here

Note that i' is equivalent to i^{\prime}; for a double prime either use

i^{\prime\prime}

or the simpler

i''

but never i^{''}. Also a thin space \, after the comma in the summation limit is better.

  • Thank you egreg for the suggestion and tips. Maybe you are right and manipulating with the size is a bit unnecessary. – user124471 Sep 11 '14 at 14:01
2

One should always listen to egreg with his math and tex advices! However, if circumstances are severe, here is another way:

 \documentclass[11pt,a4paper,oneside]{report}
 \usepackagegraphicx}
 \usepackage[T1]{fontenc}
 \usepackage{fouriernc}
 \usepackage{mathtools}
 \usepackage{amsfonts,amssymb,amsthm}
 \usepackage[a4paper, hmargin={3.5cm,3cm}, vmargin={2.5cm,2.5cm}]{geometry}
 \usepackage{relsize}

 \DeclareMathOperator*{\Sum}{\mathlarger{\mathlarger{\sum}}}
 \DeclareMathOperator*{\SSum}{\mathlarger{\mathlarger{\mathlarger{\sum}}}}

 \begin{document}

 \begin{equation}
 c_{ij}=\sum_{i^{\prime}<i^{''},j^{\prime}<j^{''}}\begin{pmatrix*}[c]
 i&i^{\prime}&i^{''}\\1&2&3
 \end{pmatrix*}
 \begin{pmatrix*}[c]
 i&i^{\prime}&i^{''}\\1&2&3
 \end{pmatrix*}
 \end{equation}

 \begin{equation}
 c_{ij}=\Sum_{i^{\prime}<i^{''},j^{\prime}<j^{''}}
 \begin{pmatrix*}[c]
 i&i^{\prime}&i^{''}\\1&2&3
 \end{pmatrix*}
 \begin{pmatrix*}[c]
 i&i^{\prime}&i^{''}\\1&2&3
 \end{pmatrix*}
 \end{equation}

 \begin{equation}
 c_{ij}=\SSum_{i^{\prime} <i^{''},j^{\prime}<j^{''}}
 \begin{pmatrix*}[c]
 i&i^{\prime}&i^{''}\\1&2&3
 \end{pmatrix*}
 \begin{pmatrix*}[c]
 i&i^{\prime}&i^{''}\\1&2&3
 \end{pmatrix*}
 \end{equation}

 \end{document}

enter image description here

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