I am writing something that needs to refer to both Chinese and English papers. I am using natbib to format my bibliographies and I encountered a problem with the presentation of my reference when there are more than one author.

The following is one of my BibTeX entries.

  author={马双 and 张劫 and 朱喜},

When I cite this article using the following code:

\documentclass[10pt, a4paper, twoside, cap]{ctexart}
\usepackage[colon, longnamesfirst, sort&compress]{natbib}


I got

马双 and 张劫 and 朱喜(2012)

in the main text and

马双 and 张劫 and 朱喜. 最低工资对中国就业和工资水平的影响. 经济研究, 5:132-146, 2012.

in the reference section.

How can I replace the "and" in all the arguments with the corresponding Chinese character so that it would not look so odd?


1 Answer 1


I suggest you do the following:

  • Find the file plainnat.bst in your TeX distribution. Make a copy of this file, named (say) myplainnat.bst. (Don't edit a file from the TeX distribution directly.)

  • Open myplainnat.bst in a text editor. (The editor you use to edit your .tex files will do fine.)

  • Find the three instances of " and " -- in my copy of the file, they're on lines 232, 325, and 1111 -- and replace the and string with the appropriate Chinese character(s). Note the spaces before the "and" substring.

  • Likewise, you will probably want to replace the four instances of " et~al." (most likely on lines 231, 324, 1106, and 1110) with the appropriate Chinese characters.

  • Save the file myplainnat either in the directory where your main tex file is located or in some directory that's searched by BibTeX. If you choose the second option, be sure to update the filename database of your TeX distribution as needed.

  • Start using the new bibliography style by issuing the command \bibliographystyle{myplainnat}. Be sure to rerun LaTeX, BibTeX, and LaTeX twice more to fully propagate all changes.

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