If I place my alignment ampersand after a therefore symbol (from amssymb), the proper spacing between the therefore and the rest of the equation is lost. Is there a way to prevent this from happening?




\text{Characteristic equation: } &r^2 + \lambda^2 c^2 = 0\\
\therefore &r = \pm\lambda ci


(as compared to placing the ampersand before the therefore symbol)

  • 1
    Use \therefore{} &r = \pmλci. If you want, add some space too: \therefore{}\quad &r = \pmλci
    – user11232
    Commented Sep 27, 2014 at 7:25

1 Answer 1


Insert a {} between \therefore and the & alignment symbol. This restores the proper space of a binary relation.

\text{Characteristic equation: } &r^2 + \lambda^2 c^2 = 0\\
\therefore{}&r = \pm\lambda ci


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instead of

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This approach is useful whenever we use symbols defined with \mathrel or \mathbin followed by a & alignment symbol. In this case \therefore is defined in amssymb.sty with \mathrel.

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