I have some output from the tree command, which looks something like this:

├── Maildir/
└── scripts/
    ├── backup.sh*
    └── OLD/
        ├── backup_cleanup.sh.old
        └── backup.sh.old*

However, when I copy this into my XeLaTeX document, it ends up similar to this in it's final form:

??? Maildir/
??? scripts/
    ??? backup.sh*
    ??? OLD/
        ??? backup_cleanup.sh.old
        ??? backup.sh.old*

Having done some searching, I've tried using the verbatim, Verbatim, and VerbatimOut environments, however none have successfully presented it. I have also tried using the lstlisting which is what I would prefer to use as I'm using it elsewhere in the document, though that hasn't made any difference. My lstlisting environment is set up like this:

    basicstyle=\fontspec{PT Mono},
    %literate={á}{{\'a}}1 {ã}{{\~a}}1 {é}{{\'e}}1,

Those last two lines I found here, and had hoped that I could find the equivalent escape codes for all the extra symbols, however after a couple of hours of searching, I have failed.

How can I get this structure into my document as text (I'd prefer not to import is as an image)?

Many thanks

EDIT 04/11/14: It turns out that in its default installation, TeXShop saves files in Wester (Mac OS Roman), and when I saved and reopened the file, it had replaced the 'special' files with ???. So changing it all to UTF-16, I can now save and reopen to see the 'special' characters, but when I typeset my document it just shows whitespace...

  • How about using dirtree to draw the structured diagram? See How to draw a hierarchical structure with edges? – Werner Oct 25 '14 at 8:53
  • That looks quite promising. I think I'd need to parse the output of my tree command somewhat to input the numbers as I've got considerably more items than I showed in my example above. But should give me something to work with, thank you :) – forquare Oct 25 '14 at 11:34

The main issue is whether the font used for typesetting has the needed characters in it.

The example below works on a linux system. Using Microsoft's truetype fonts also works using \setmonofont{Courier New}, instead.





├── Maildir/
└── scripts/
    ├── backup.sh*
    └── OLD/
        ├── backup_cleanup.sh.old
        └── backup.sh.old*


  • I've changed the font to Courier New, but when I typeset it I get whitespace (see updated question) – forquare Nov 4 '14 at 18:22
  • Is this the case using my example above as well, or only your own file. – penguinpreferred Nov 4 '14 at 18:28
  • It works with your example. Meaning something is broken with either my encoding, or the contents. Combing time! – forquare Nov 4 '14 at 18:31
  • If that's the case, then perhaps you'd consider marking my response as a correct answer. – penguinpreferred Nov 4 '14 at 18:36
  • I use the \setmonofont{Courier New}, and build this example under Xelatex, and it get the correct result. – ollydbg23 Jan 29 '18 at 4:32

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