# Elsarticle - Abstract two columns wide

I am currently trying to create an article in elsarticle style, twocolumn. The title and text end up in two columns, the abstract however is made two columns wide. Any ideas what I am doing wrong? Obviously I want my abstract to also be only in the first column.

\documentclass[a4paper,10pt,twocolumn,preprint]{elsarticle}
\usepackage{lipsum}
\journal{TexExchange}

\begin{document}

\begin{frontmatter}

\title{Two-column abstract}

\begin{abstract}
\lipsum[1]
\end{abstract}

\begin{keyword}
abstract
\end{keyword}

\end{frontmatter}

\section{Outline}
\lipsum[2-3]

\end{document}

• That's the style used by elsarticle, which is for submissions to Elsevier journals. You shouldn't modify the behavior. – egreg Nov 8 '14 at 16:05
• Greg, I did not know that. Thank you. – smapers Nov 9 '14 at 12:03

## 2 Answers

Looking at the source the only way I can see to get a sensible output from two column in preprint style is to put the frontmatter into the optional argument of an explicit \twocolumn

\documentclass[a4paper,10pt,twocolumn,preprint]{elsarticle}
\usepackage{lipsum}
\journal{TexExchange}

\begin{document}

\twocolumn[{\begin{frontmatter}

\title{Two-column abstract}

\begin{abstract}
\lipsum[1]
\end{abstract}

\begin{keyword}
abstract
\end{keyword}

\end{frontmatter}
}]
\section{Outline}
\lipsum[2-3]

\end{document}


Or you can correct the width locally within a one-column frontmatter:

\documentclass[a4paper,10pt,twocolumn,preprint]{elsarticle}
\usepackage{lipsum}
\journal{TexExchange}

\begin{document}

\begin{frontmatter}
\setlength\textwidth\columnwidth
\title{Two-column abstract}

\begin{abstract}
\lipsum[1]
\end{abstract}

\begin{keyword}
abstract
\end{keyword}

\end{frontmatter}

\section{Outline}
\lipsum[2-3]

\end{document}

• Thank you for the fast response David. Do you mean that it won't work to put title and abstract both in the first column only? Or should I use a different option than preprint? – smapers Nov 8 '14 at 14:42
• @SimonApers I added a second version – David Carlisle Nov 8 '14 at 15:15

From the documentation of elsarticle, section 12

The authors can format their submission to the page size and margins of their preferred journal. elsarticle provides four class options for the same. But it does not mean that using these options you can emulate the exact page layout of the final print copy.

1p: 1+ journals with a text area of 384pt × 562pt or 13.5cm × 19.75cm or 5.3in × 7.78in, single column style only.

3p: 3+ journals with a text area of 468pt × 622pt or 16.45cm × 21.9cm or 6.5in × 8.6in, single column style.

twocolumn: should be used along with 3p option if the journal is 3+ with the same text area as above, but double column style.

5p: 5+ with text area of 522pt × 682pt or 18.35cm × 24cm or 7.22in × 9.45in, double column style only.

Following pages have the clippings of different parts of the title page of different journal models typeset in final format.

Model 1+ and 3+ will have the same look and feel in the typeset copy when presented in this document. That is also the case with the double column 3+ and 5+ journal article pages. The only difference will be wider text width of higher models. Therefore we will look at the different portions of a typical single column journal page and that of a double column article in the final format.

So either you use

\documentclass[a4paper,10pt,twocolumn,preprint,3p]{elsarticle}


or

\documentclass[a4paper,10pt,preprint,5p]{elsarticle}


The output is very similar, so I show only the one with the first document class line.