This can be considered a bug in
lstdvrs.dtx, more specifically.
lstdvrs.dtx file is where all
listings languages and dialects are defined. In particular, a language called
Basic (together with only one dialect,
Visual) is defined there.
The problem is that, even though the
Basic language comes with only one dialect (
Visual), the default dialect for Basic is defined nowhere in
lstdvrs.dtx. Therefore, if you simply specify
listings has no clue which language you're referring to! The same problem arises, for the same reason, if you try to load the
Assembler language without also specifying a dialect.
To fix the problem, you have two options:
Whenever you want to use Basic, specify its only dialect (
Fix that bug in
listings yourself by defining the default dialect for
(As Peter notes, this should preferably be done in your preamble. You should endeavour to separate style from content; the former should go in the preamble, whereas the latter should go in the body of your document.)
Then you should be able to use the
Basic language without mishap. No need to use
\lstloadlanguages at all (although, as pointed out by Peter, you may still want to load the languages you use right after loading the
listings package, for efficiency reasons; see the note at the bottom of section 2.2 in the documentation).