for my philosophical papers at university I need a specific cite- and bibstyle. I already tried a lot of styles. But since now there was not any that matched my needs. (closest were authoryear-icomp and authortitle-dw [except I need authoryear]

What I need:

Cite-Style I have primariy and secondary texts that I would like to be quoted like this:

Primary (Lastname, Shorthand, Page)

Secondary (Lastname Year, Page) = normal authoryear. Important: "ibid" (German: ebd.) has to work.


Primary: Lastname, Initial-of-first-name, (Shorthand) [Year-firstpublished], Title, Address, (p.r.n. Year-of-edition-published).

Secondary: Lastname, Initial-of-first-name, Year, Title, Address = normal authoryear.

My preambel looks the following:


Bibentries for example:


Address = {Stuttgart},
Author = {Dilthey, W.},
Edition = {5},
Keywords = {primlit},
Shorthand = {GS V},
Title = {Die geistige Welt. Einleitung in die Philosophie des Lebens},
Year = {1968}}


Address = {Wien},
Author = {Soboleva, M.},
Keywords = {seclit},
Title = {Leben und Sein},
Year = {2014}}

It would be awesome if anybody could help me, or at least give me hints how to edit the *.cbx file (thats the file you need to edit, don't you?)!

Thank you in advance

  • I am not certain but I believe that it is currently difficult (not possible?) to use different styles for bibliographies in a single document. Splitting the bibliography is no problem. (See pp 109-110 ish of the manual for one way to do this with keywords of the kind you've defined.) But I don't think there is a way to easily specify separate styles. Maybe you can redefine the relevant macros in the file in between the two bibliographies? That is, print one, redefine, print second? – cfr Nov 18 '14 at 23:26
  • I found a way to "work around" the problem...not very pretty and what I wanted, but okay for the moment - see answer below. – psychosis448 Nov 20 '14 at 17:19

cfr, I had a look into the links and also at some documentaries.

At the moment I do not have the time to fully work out the problem, as i have to write some papers... At least I figuired out a (more or less good) workaround and want to let you know what I'm doing.

I do not use any cite commands, but type in my references "manually". Getting entries to the bibliography by \nocite{xyz} For the bibliography, which I split into "Primary" and "Secondary" via keywords I use the following:

    \printfield{shorthand}\addspace =\addspace}}

It is by far not perfect, but okay for the moment...

| improve this answer | |
  • (+1) Though I'm not entirely clear why this stops you using ordinary citation commands. Re. the general problem: have you considered putting in a feature request? It seems to me this would be a useful thing for biblatex to handle properly ;). – cfr Nov 20 '14 at 18:05
  • 1
    Maybe I was a little bit unclear/expressed myself wrong. I work around the shorthand/different type of citation problem by using \textquote[Dilthey, GS VII, S.67]{Blablablabla}and \textcquote[vgl.][S. 312]{Soboleva2014}{more blablabla}. Don't know if thats "professional" but that way I get everything the way I want it printed ;) Yeah - I could propose a feature request for biblatex as it would be great to get the work done without any workarounds :D – psychosis448 Nov 20 '14 at 18:46
  • Thanks. That helps. And if it works, well... ;) I think a feature request would be good, though, especially since the primary/secondary split is a common requirement. – cfr Nov 20 '14 at 18:52
  • I even found an easier way, if you use the prefix like \textquote[Dilthey,][335]{DiltheyGSV}{blablabla} -- it does exactly what I need: (Dilthey, GSV, S. 335) :) – psychosis448 Jul 19 '15 at 10:55

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