I am trying to switch over to BibLaTeX from BibTeX. When I use backend=bibtex I get the proper citations and bibliography (but also the limitations of BibTeX). When I change to backend=biber (and change the BibTeX engine to Biber in the preferences of TexShop), the citations all simply print a bold-face citation key and there is no bibliography.

Here is what I am using:


This is a sample sentence \cite{Railton1984}.


What I get is:

This is a sample sentence Railton1984.

Rather than:

This is a sample sentence (Railton 1984).

And no bibliography is printed.

Edit. Here is a MWE:




This is my test document.  Railton says, ``bla bla bla''  \parencite[p. x]{Railton1984}. 



This works fine. I run (Latex --> Bibtex --> Latex --> Latex), and I get the expected output. When I change the biblatex argument to backend=biber, and run Latex --> Biber --> Latex --> Latex (I changed the Preferenes in TexShop to make sure the Bibtex engine runs biber and not bibtex), I get an error.

When I run Latex I get the error

" 'short-test.bbl' is wrong format version expected 2.3"

When I run biber I get the error

"Data source not found in..."

In case it matters, here is the bibliography file I am using, which has just one entry:

  author = {Railton, Peter},  
title = {Alienation, Consequentialism, and the Demands of Morality},  
journal = {Philosophy and Public Affairs},  
volume = {13},  
number = {2},  
pages = {134-171},  
year = {1984}  

closed as off-topic by moewe, Werner, Symbol 1, Malipivo, user31729 Apr 6 '15 at 6:19

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  • 3
    Did you actually run biber after compiling your document, and then compile your document again? That is, pdflatex (or whatever) -> biber -> pdflatex -> pdflatex. – cfr Dec 22 '14 at 1:22
  • 4
    \addbibresource does not expect a path. It expects a file name, complete with extension - \addbibresource{bibliography.bib}. Put the file somewhere TeX can find it (e.g. in the same directory as your .tex file or in your personal texmf tree) so that you don't need the path, and don't forget the extension. – cfr Dec 22 '14 at 1:24
  • 2
    @cfr I believe \addbibresource does allow paths; but it requires the .bib extension, differently from \bibliography. Also .../bibliography is not a valid path under most systems. – egreg Dec 22 '14 at 23:00
  • 1
    The bbl generated by bibtex is not compatible when you use biber. You can remove it. Also, you might consider to upgrade to the last version of biblatex/biber. The newest one use version 2.4 of the bbl format. – Guido Dec 22 '14 at 23:03
  • 4
    I'm voting to close this question as off-topic because it is not entirely clear what caused the problem (very probably a mismatch of Biber and biblatex, in which case an update resolves all issues) with the information at hand. Since the question has not really been picked up on, I vote to close. – moewe Apr 6 '15 at 5:14

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