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I have been a writing a simple program using TeX programming like

Hello, World!
How are you.
\bye

I want the two sentences to in different lines but they come in same line. Using \\ it gives an error undefined control sequence. How can it be shifted to new line and also how to start a new paragraph?

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  • I am asking about TeX and not LaTeX, I know using \\ will shift me to the next line in LaTeX and how this would be done in TeX?
    – Mistha
    Jan 4, 2015 at 7:20
  • By different lines you're probably referring to \par (after Hello, World!).
    – Werner
    Jan 4, 2015 at 7:26
  • Yes, done for that :) How to shift new paragraph?
    – Mistha
    Jan 4, 2015 at 7:31
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    @luneart - the query is about creating simple documents using Plain TeX, not LaTeX.
    – Mico
    Jan 4, 2015 at 8:54
  • 1
    The duplicate should be tex.stackexchange.com/q/53/15925 Jan 4, 2015 at 9:55

3 Answers 3

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The basic structural element of a typeset document is the paragraph. TeX separates paragraphs by \par command which is automatically inserted at each empty line in source document (when the common catcode settings are done). Thus, you can try two approaches:

0
5

Use \par to start a new paragraph (or leave a blank line between text blocks):

Hello, World!

How are you.
\bye

or

Hello, World!\par
How are you.
\bye

Alternatively, but highly unlikely, use \obeylines:

\obeylines
Hello, World!
How are you.
\bye
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I advise you to consult the introduction on Latex, see this post or directly The (not so) short introduction to LaTeX2e.

The particular answer to your question is to use \\ or \newline.

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  • 2
    IMHO, OP needs the introduction to TeX, no to LaTeX.
    – wipet
    Jan 4, 2015 at 7:17
  • @wipet After all, OP is specifically asking about Plain :) Jan 4, 2015 at 8:01
  • well, my answer was made before the edits :)
    – luneart
    Jan 4, 2015 at 9:05
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    @luneart The MWE in version one is clearly for plain!
    – Joseph Wright
    Jan 4, 2015 at 9:39

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