# How include MetaPost from ConTeXt to LaTeX?

I found ConTeXt document and I get file with MetaPost like this :

   % language=uk

% author  : Hans Hagen, PRAGMA ADE, NL

\usemodule[art-01,abr-02]

\definecolor
[maincolor]
[r=.4]

\setupbodyfont
[10pt]

\setuptype
[color=maincolor]

\setuptyping
[color=maincolor]

\definefont
[TitlePageFont]
[file:lmmonolt10-bold.otf]

[color=maincolor]

\usesymbols
[cc]

\setupinteraction
[hidden]

\startdocument
author=Hans Hagen,
location=Hasselt NL,
title=SQL in \CONTEXT,
support=www.contextgarden.net,

\startMPpage

StartPage ;

numeric w ; w := bbwidth(Page) ;
numeric h ; h := bbheight(Page) ;

fill Page withcolor \MPcolor{maincolor} ;

draw textext.urt("\TitlePageFont Q")       xysized (1.1   w,0.9 h) shifted (-.05w,.05h) withcolor .20white ;
draw textext.top("\TitlePageFont SQL")     xysized (0.4725w,0.13h) shifted (.675w,.24w) withcolor .60white ;
draw textext.top("\TitlePageFont CONTEXT") xsized  (0.6   w)       shifted (.675w,.10w) withcolor .60white ;

StopPage ;

\stopMPpage

\startsubject[title=Contents]

\placelist[section][alternative=a]

\stopsubject

\startsection[title=Introduction]

Although \CONTEXT\ is a likely candidate for typesetting content that comes from
databases it was only in 2011 that I ran into a project where a connection was
needed. After all, much document related typesetting happens on files or
dedicated storage systems.

Because we run most projects in an infrastructure suitable for \TEX, it made
sense to add some helper scripts to the \CONTEXT\ core distribution that deal
with getting data from (in our case) \MYSQL\ databases. That way we can use the
already stable infrastructure for installing and updating files that comes with
\CONTEXT.

As \LUA\ support is nicely integrated in \CONTEXT, and as dealing with
information from databases involves some kind of programming anyway, there is (at
least currently) no \TEX\ interface. The examples shown here work in \CONTEXT,
but you need to keep in mind that \LUA\ scripts can also use this interface.

{\em Although this code is under construction the interfaces are unlikely to
change, if only because we use it on production.}

\stopsection

\startsection[title=Presets]

In order to consult a database you need to provide credentials. You also need
to reach the database server, either by using some client program or via a

Because we don't want to key in all that information again and again, we will
collect it in a table. This also permits us to store it in a file and load it
on demand. For instance:

\starttyping
local presets = {
database = "test",
host     = "localhost",
port     = 3306,
}
\stoptyping

You can put a table in a file \type {presets.lua} like this:

\starttyping
return {
database = "test",
host     = "localhost",
port     = 3306,
}
\stoptyping

and then load it as follows:

\starttyping
\stoptyping

If you really want, you can use some library to open a connection, execute a
query, collect results and close the connection, but here we use just one
function that does it all. The presets are used to access the database and the
same presets will be used more often it makes sense to keep a connection open as
long as possible. That way you can execute much more queries per second,
something that makes sense when there are many small ones, as in web related
services. A connection is made persistent when the presets have an \type {id}
key, like

\starttyping
presets.id = "myproject"
\stoptyping

\stopsection

\startsection[title=Templates]

A query often looks like this:

\starttyping
SELECT
artist, title
FROM
cd
WHERE
artist = 'archive' ;
\stoptyping

However, often you want to use the same query for multiple lookups, in which case
you can do this:

\starttyping
SELECT
artist, title
FROM
cd
WHERE
artist = '%artist%' ;
\stoptyping

In the next section we will see how \type {%artist%} can be replaced by a more
meaningful value. You can a percent sign by entering two in a row: \type {%%}.

As with any programming language that deals with strings natively, you need a
way to escape the characters that fence the string. In \SQL\ a field name is
fenced by \type {} and a string by \type {''}. Field names can often be
used without \type {} but you can better play safe.

\starttyping
artist = 'Chilly Gonzales'
\stoptyping

Escaping of the \type {'} is simple:

\starttyping
artist = 'Jasper van''t Hof'
\stoptyping

When you use templates you often pass a string as variable and you don't want to
be bothered with escaping them. In the previous example we used:

\starttyping
artist = '%artist%'
\stoptyping

When you expect embedded quotes you can use this:

\starttyping
artist = '%[artist]%'
\stoptyping

In this case the variable {artist} will be escaped. When we reuse a template we
store it in a variable:

\starttyping
local template = [[
SELECT
artist, title
FROM
cd
WHERE
artist = '%artist%' ;
]]
\stoptyping

\stopsection

\startsection[title=Queries]

In order to execute a query you need to pass the previously discussed presets
as well as the query itself.

\starttyping
local data, keys = utilities.sql.execute {
presets   = presets,
template  = template,
variables = {
artist = "Dream Theater",
},
}
\stoptyping

The variables in the presets table can also be passed at the outer
level. In fact there are three levels of inheritance: settings, presets
and module defaults.

\starttabulate
\NC presets        \NC a table with values \NC \NR
\NC template       \NC a query string \NC \NR
\NC templatefile   \NC a file containing a template \NC \NR
\NC \em resultfile \NC a (temporary) file to store the result \NC \NR
\NC \em queryfile  \NC a (temporary) file to store a query \NC \NR
\NC variables      \NC variables that are subsituted in the template \NC \NR
\NC username       \NC used to connect to the database \NC \NR
\NC password       \NC used to connect to the database \NC \NR
\NC host           \NC the \quote {machine} where the database server runs on \NC \NR
\NC port           \NC the port where the database server listens to \NC \NR
\NC database       \NC the name of the database \NC \NR
\stoptabulate

The \type {resultfile} and \type {queryfile} parameters are used when a client
approach is used. When a library is used all happens in memory.

When the query succeeds two tables are returned: \type {data} and \type {keys}. The
first is an indexed table where each entry is a hash. So, if we have only one
match and that match has only one field, you get something like this:

\starttyping
data = {
{
key = "value"
}
}

keys = {
"key"
}
\stoptyping

\stopsection

\startsection[title=Converters]

All values in the result are strings. Of course we could have provided some
automatic type conversion but there are more basetypes in \MYSQL\ and some are
not even standard \SQL. Instead the module provides a converter mechanism

\starttyping
local converter = utilities.sql.makeconverter {
{ name = "id",      type = "number" },
{ name = "name",    type = "string" },
{ name = "enabled", type = "boolean" },
}
\stoptyping

You can pass the converter to the execute function:

\starttyping
local data, keys = utilities.sql.execute {
presets   = presets,
template  = template,
converter = converter,
variables = {
name = "Hans Hagen",
},
}
\stoptyping

In addition to numbers, strings and booleans you can also use a function
or table:

\starttyping
local remap = {
["1"] = "info"
["2"] = "warning"
["3"] = "debug"
["4"] = "error"
}

local converter = utilities.sql.makeconverter {
{ name = "id",     type = "number" },
{ name = "status", type = remap },
}
\stoptyping

I use this module for managing \CONTEXT\ jobs in web services. In that case we
need to store jobtickets and they have some common properties. The definition of
the table looks as follows: \footnote {The tickets manager is part of the
\CONTEXT\ distribution.}

\starttyping
CREATE TABLE IF NOT EXISTS %basename% (
id        int(11)     NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,
token     varchar(50) NOT NULL,
subtoken  INT(11)     NOT NULL,
created   int(11)     NOT NULL,
accessed  int(11)     NOT NULL,
category  int(11)     NOT NULL,
status    int(11)     NOT NULL,
usertoken varchar(50) NOT NULL,
data      longtext    NOT NULL,
comment   longtext    NOT NULL,

PRIMARY KEY                     (id),
UNIQUE INDEX id_unique_index  (id ASC),
KEY          token_unique_key (token)
)
DEFAULT CHARSET = utf8 ;
\stoptyping

We can register a ticket from (for instance) a web service and use an independent
watchdog to consult the database for tickets that need to be processed. When the
job is finished we register this in the database and the web service can poll for
the status.

It's easy to imagine more fields, for instance the way \CONTEXT\ is called, what
files to use, what results to expect, what extra data to pass, like style
directives, etc. Instead of putting that kind of information in fields we store
them in a \LUA\ table, serialize that table, and put that in the data field.

The other way around is that we take this data field and convert it back to \LUA.
For this you can use a helper:

\starttyping
local results = utilities.sql.execute { ... }

for i=1,#results do
local result = results[i]
result.data = utilities.sql.deserialize(result.data)
end
\stoptyping

Much more efficient is to use a converter:

\starttyping
local converter = utilities.sql.makeconverter {
...
{ name = "data", type = "deserialize" },
...
}
\stoptyping

This way you don't need to loop over the result and deserialize each data
field which not only takes less runtime (often neglectable) but also takes
less (intermediate) memory. Of course in some cases it can make sense to
postpone the deserialization.

A variant is not to store a serialized data table, but to store a key|-|value
list, like:

\starttyping
data = [[key_1="value_1" key_2="value_2"]]
\stoptyping

Such data fields can be converted with:

\starttyping
local converter = utilities.sql.makeconverter {
...
{ name = "data", type = utilities.parsers.keq_to_hash },
...
}
\stoptyping

You can imagine more converters like this, and if needed you can use them to
preprocess data as well.

\starttabulate[|Tl|p|]
\NC "boolean"     \NC This converts a string into the value \type {true} or \type {false}.
Valid values for \type {true} are: \type {1}, \type {true}, \type
{yes}, \type {on} and \type {t} \NC \NR
\NC "number"      \NC This one does a straightforward \type {tonumber} on the value. \NC \NR
\NC function      \NC The given function is applied to value. \NC \NR
\NC table         \NC The value is resolved via the given table. \NC \NR
\NC "deserialize" \NC The value is deserialized into \LUA\ code. \NC \NR
\NC "key"         \NC The value is used as key which makes the result table is now hashed
\NC "entry"       \NC An entry is added with the given name and optionally with a default
value. \NC \NR
\stoptabulate

\stopsection

\startsection[title=Typesetting]

For good reason a \CONTEXT\ job often involves multiple passes. Although the
database related code is quite efficient it can be considered a waste of time
and bandwidth to fetch the data several times. For this reason there is
another function:

\starttyping
local data, keys = utilities.sql.prepare {
tag = "table-1",
...
}

-- do something useful with the result

local data, keys = utilities.sql.prepare {
tag = "table-2",
...
}

-- do something useful with the result
\stoptyping

The \type {prepare} alternative stores the result in a file and reuses
it in successive runs.

\stopsection

\startsection[title=Methods]

Currently we have several methods for accessing a database:

\starttabulate
\NC client  \NC use the command line tool, pass arguments and use files \NC \NR
\NC library \NC use the standard library (somewhat tricky in \LUATEX\ as we need to work around bugs) \NC \NR
\NC lmxsql  \NC use the library with a \LUA\ based pseudo client (stay in the \LUA\ domain) \NC \NR
\NC swiglib \NC use the (still experimental) library that comes with \LUATEX \NC \NR
\stoptabulate

All methods use the same interface (\type {execute}) and hide the dirty details
for the user. All return the data and keys tables and all take care of the proper
escaping and parsing.

\stopsection

\startsection[title=Helpers]

There are some helper functions and extra modules that will be described when
they are stable.

There is an \quote {extra} option to the \type {context} command that can be used
with the command:

\starttyping
context --extra=sql-tables --help
\stoptyping

\stopsection

\startsection[title=Colofon]

\starttabulate[|B|p|]
\NC author    \NC \getvariable{document}{author}, \getvariable{document}{affiliation}, \getvariable{document}{location} \NC \NR
\NC version   \NC \currentdate \NC \NR
\NC website   \NC \getvariable{document}{website} \endash\ \getvariable{document}{support} \NC \NR
\NC copyright \NC \symbol[cc][cc-by-sa-nc] \NC \NR
\stoptabulate

\stopsection

\stopdocument


If you compile it and you will get like this :

Can I make it with LaTeX ? Only for cover page, Let's have MWE like this :

\documentclass{article}
% this is preamble, if need
\begin{titlepage}
beginfig (1);
%this is code from ConTeXt
endfig;
end.
\end{titlepage}
\begin{document}
Context to LaTeX
\end{document}

• This is not straightforward. Why don't include the .pdf with pdfpages? – karlkoeller Jan 10 '15 at 7:56
• For LuaLaTeX there is luamplib; for other engines there is gmp. – egreg Jan 10 '15 at 11:21
• @egreg: Can luamplib include text labels? – Aditya Jan 12 '15 at 17:46
• I think so, that's part of the core business. – egreg Jan 12 '15 at 18:38

You can copy-paste this more or less. You're lucky because the luamplib supports the MetaFun format.

\documentclass[a4paper,10pt]{article}

\usepackage{eso-pic}

\usepackage{luamplib}
\mplibsetformat{metafun}

\usepackage{xcolor}
\definecolor{maincolor}{rgb}{.4,0,0}

\usepackage{fontspec}
\newfontfamily\TitlePageFont{lmmonolt10-bold.otf}

\begin{document}

\begin{mplibcode}
beginfig(0) ;

path Page ; Page := unitsquare xscaled (\mpdim{\paperwidth}) yscaled (\mpdim{\paperheight}) ;

numeric w ; w := bbwidth(Page) ;
numeric h ; h := bbheight(Page) ;

fill Page withcolor \mpcolor{maincolor} ;

draw textext.urt("\TitlePageFont Q")       xysized (1.1   w,0.9 h) shifted (-.05w,.05h) withcolor .20white ;
draw textext.top("\TitlePageFont SQL")     xysized (0.4725w,0.13h) shifted (.675w,.24w) withcolor .60white ;
draw textext.top("\TitlePageFont CONTEXT") xsized  (0.6   w)       shifted (.675w,.10w) withcolor .60white ;

setbounds currentpicture to Page ;

endfig ;
\end{mplibcode}%
}

% Generate a page
\leavevmode
\thispagestyle{empty}

\end{document}