# How to align multiple subfigures in a grid?

I have three images and I want to align them in the way that one image is above the other two. Here's an example:

How can I achieve this? For my other figures I use the subcaption package, but I am not able to align the pictures that way with it.

Thanks for all your replys! The answer that is working for me is the one supposed by karlkoeller:

\documentclass{article}
\usepackage{graphicx}
\usepackage{subcaption}

\begin{document}

\begin{figure}
\centering
\begin{subfigure}[b]{.45\linewidth}
\includegraphics[width=\linewidth]{example-image-a}
\caption{A mouse}\label{fig:mouse}
\end{subfigure}

\begin{subfigure}[b]{.45\linewidth}
\includegraphics[width=\linewidth]{example-image-b}
\caption{A gull}\label{fig:gull}
\end{subfigure}
\begin{subfigure}[b]{.45\linewidth}
\includegraphics[width=\linewidth]{example-image-c}
\caption{A tiger}\label{fig:tiger}
\end{subfigure}
\caption{Picture of animals}
\label{fig:animals}
\end{figure}

\end{document}

• Could we have a minimal (non)working example? – Bernard Jan 11 '15 at 18:32

You are already using the subcaption package, and it is very easy with it.

Here's the code you need

\documentclass{article}
\usepackage{graphicx}
\usepackage{subcaption}

\begin{document}

\begin{figure}
\centering
\begin{subfigure}[b]{.45\linewidth}
\includegraphics[width=\linewidth]{example-image-a}
\caption{A mouse}\label{fig:mouse}
\end{subfigure}

\begin{subfigure}[b]{.45\linewidth}
\includegraphics[width=\linewidth]{example-image-b}
\caption{A gull}\label{fig:gull}
\end{subfigure}
\begin{subfigure}[b]{.45\linewidth}
\includegraphics[width=\linewidth]{example-image-c}
\caption{A tiger}\label{fig:tiger}
\end{subfigure}
\caption{Picture of animals}
\label{fig:animals}
\end{figure}

\end{document}


Output:

If you need to have the subcaption numbers as in your picture, you have to adjust the counter subfigure with \setcounter{subfigure}{<num>} inside the subfigures

\documentclass{article}
\usepackage{graphicx}
\usepackage{subcaption}

\begin{document}

\begin{figure}
\centering
\begin{subfigure}[b]{.45\linewidth}
\includegraphics[width=\linewidth]{example-image-c}
\setcounter{subfigure}{2}%
\caption{A mouse}\label{fig:mouse}
\end{subfigure}

\begin{subfigure}[b]{.45\linewidth}
\includegraphics[width=\linewidth]{example-image-a}
\setcounter{subfigure}{0}%
\caption{A gull}\label{fig:gull}
\end{subfigure}
\begin{subfigure}[b]{.45\linewidth}
\includegraphics[width=\linewidth]{example-image-b}
\caption{A tiger}\label{fig:tiger}
\end{subfigure}
\caption{Picture of animals}
\label{fig:animals}
\end{figure}

\end{document}


Output:

It's relatively easy with the floatrow package, and its subfloatrowenvironment:

\documentclass{article}
\usepackage{subcaption}
\usepackage{floatrow}
\usepackage{graphicx}
\usepackage[showframe]{geometry}

\begin{document}

\begin{figure}
\centering
\begin{subfloatrow}
\centering
\ffigbox[\textwidth]{\caption{The Death of Procris}}{%
\includegraphics[width=0.8\textwidth]{Piero_di_Cosimo_1}
}
\end{subfloatrow}
\vskip1cm
\begin{subfloatrow}
\ffigbox[0.5\textwidth]{\caption{Portrait of Simonetta Vespucci}}{%
\includegraphics[width=0.4\textwidth]{Piero_di_Cosimo_3}%
}
\ffigbox[0.5\textwidth]{\caption{Portrait of Simonetta Vespucci}}{%
\includegraphics[width=0.4\textwidth]{Piero_di_Cosimo_3}%
}
\end{subfloatrow}
\caption{Three paintings by Piero di Cosimo}
\label{PC}
\end{figure}

\end{document}


You can use minipages to specify how the images should be aligned. If you include the image into a box first, then you can get the width of the image (which should be the width of the minipage) using \wd, i.e.:

\documentclass{article}
\usepackage{subcaption}
\usepackage{graphicx}
\begin{document}
\begin{figure}
\newcommand*\FigVSkip{0.5em}
\newcommand*\FigHSkip{0.1em}
\newsavebox\FigBox
\centering
% Top image is centered, so no need to get width
\begin{minipage}{\textwidth}
\centering\includegraphics{a_mouse}
\subcaption{A mouse}
\end{minipage} \\[\FigVSkip]%
% Save first image in a box to get the width
\sbox{\FigBox}{\includegraphics{a_gull}}
\begin{minipage}{\wd\FigBox}
\centering\usebox{\FigBox}
\subcaption{A gull}
\end{minipage}\hspace*{\FigHSkip}
% Save second image
\sbox{\FigBox}{\includegraphics{a_tiger}}
\begin{minipage}{\wd\FigBox}
\centering\usebox{\FigBox}
\subcaption{A tiger}
\end{minipage}
\caption{Pictures of animals}
\end{figure}
\end{document}


I also included the two parameters \FigHSkip and \FigVSkip to set the horizontal and vertical spacing of the images. The rest of the code is almost copied and pasted from subcaption documentation page 4 (subcaption on CTAN)

Within a figure environment you can start a tabular environment to have more control over the distribution of space. Fill the tabs with subfigures. You can even use the multirow package for even further tweaking and control.

\documentclass{article}

\usepackage{graphicx}
\usepackage{caption}
\usepackage{subcaption}
\usepackage{multirow}

\begin{document}

\begin{figure}[h]
\centering
\begin{tabular}[c]{ccccc}
\multirow{2}{*}[14pt]{
\begin{subfigure}{0.45\textwidth}
\includegraphics[height=2cm, width=\textwidth]{example-image-b}
\caption{CEO fixed / total}
\label{fig:ceoa}
\end{subfigure}
}&
\begin{subfigure}[c]{0.11\textwidth}
\includegraphics[height=1cm, width=\textwidth]{example-image-a}
\label{fig:ceob}
\end{subfigure}&
\begin{subfigure}[c]{0.11\textwidth}
\includegraphics[height=1cm, width=\textwidth]{example-image-a}
\label{fig:ceoc}
\end{subfigure}&
\begin{subfigure}[c]{0.11\textwidth}
\includegraphics[height=1cm, width=\textwidth]{example-image-a}
\label{fig:ceoe}
\end{subfigure}&
\begin{subfigure}[c]{0.11\textwidth}
\includegraphics[height=1cm, width=\textwidth]{example-image-a}
\label{fig:cdfeod}
\end{subfigure}\\
&
\begin{subfigure}[c]{0.11\textwidth}
\includegraphics[height=1cm, width=\textwidth]{example-image-a}
\label{fig:caeob}
\end{subfigure}&
\begin{subfigure}[c]{0.11\textwidth}
\includegraphics[height=1cm, width=\textwidth]{example-image-a}
\label{fig:ceoac}
\end{subfigure}&
\begin{subfigure}[c]{0.11\textwidth}
\includegraphics[height=1cm, width=\textwidth]{example-image-a}
\label{fig:ceose}
\end{subfigure}&
\begin{subfigure}[c]{0.11\textwidth}
\includegraphics[height=1cm, width=\textwidth]{example-image-a}
\label{fig:ceod}
\end{subfigure}\\
\end{tabular}
\caption{Compensation measures}
\label{fig:ceo}
\end{figure}

\end{document}


• Almost all your subfigure environments are pointless in a tabular cell. You don't have a caption either, so i don't get the point of using it. It just makes the code longer and harder to read. – Johannes_B Oct 7 '17 at 5:51
• In this very example I agree. I put them though to show that it is posible to tabulate with them, which means that it is possible to caption and label. – EA304GT Oct 7 '17 at 6:42
• You can use caption and label in the table cells as well. subfigure is just a minipage which also sets the captiontype. Using captionof would be just enough. – Johannes_B Oct 7 '17 at 6:48