I'm reading Babel manual page 18 and there are bahasa, indonesian, indon, and bahasai babel. I want ask " What is difference it?". I am from Indonesia and I confused use it for hyphenation better. Is Indonesian babel better than others? Or Not, Can you explain it ?

1 Answer 1


There is none. As you talk Bahasa Indonesia, you should load \usepackage[bahasai]{babel}, which is a direct (non-synonym) link to the bahasa.dtx file.

From the manual page 18:

In the following table most of the languages supported by babel are listed, together with the names of the options which you can load babel with for each language.

This means that "Bahasa bahasa, indonesian, indon, bahasai, bahasam, malay, meyalu" are all synonyms. You should load one of these in your document, when you use any of these languages (can't tell, if those languages are different as I don't speak any of them). They will support you with hyphenation and all other features which will most certainly be described in the documentation.

In order to proof this I had a look in the source:


So there seam to be two non-synonym options bahasai and bahasam. I am not able to translate this, but maybe those names make it clear to you.

  • Why they have different name ? Indonesian , bahasa, indon, and bahasai are one. I only suggest babel for Indonesia is indonesian babel.
    – Hirwanto
    Jan 21, 2015 at 14:19
  • @Hirwanto I do not know that languages so maybe I am wrong: I guess, these are synonyms in the real world, too. Or they are different languages with the same hyphenation rules. Most certainly, it is a matter of taste or of compatibility. Like this, you can collect various old language packages into one or you might split something off later if you want to maintain some very specialized part of this language-family.
    – LaRiFaRi
    Jan 21, 2015 at 14:24
  • I am from Indonesia , and I have national language is Bahasa Indonesia, I don't know Why Indonesia babel have different name such bahasa, bahasai, indon, and indonesia
    – Hirwanto
    Jan 21, 2015 at 14:25
  • 3
    bahasai is babel for Indonesia and bahasam is babel for Malaysia
    – Hirwanto
    Jan 21, 2015 at 14:33
  • 1
    I feel this come from some older package like you say.
    – Hirwanto
    Jan 21, 2015 at 14:36

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