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I am using article class, and by default, the numbers of the sections, subsections appear like 1 section, 2 section in time I want them to appear like 1. section, 2. section (with dots).

I have redefined the format of my section, subsection, etc. as follows:

\renewcommand\thesection{\arabic{section}.}
\renewcommand\thesubsection{\arabic{section}.\arabic{subsection}.}

because I wanted . after the number of the section and the subsection. Fortunately, I got the format that I want, but now I have another problem, when I use the cross-reference to the section or the subsection, I got extra . after the reference, like: as we have seen in section 1.., or section 2.. it is unwanted. How can I get rid of this extra .? Is there anyway to change or redefine the appearance of the \ref?

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3 Answers 3

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My answer to can i change refs output can be adjusted for this:

\documentclass{article}

\renewcommand\thesection{\arabic{section}.}
\renewcommand\thesubsection{\thesection\arabic{subsection}.}
\renewcommand\thesubsubsection{\thesubsection\arabic{subsubsection}.}

\makeatletter
\renewcommand{\p@section}{\arabic{section}\expandafter\@gobble}
\renewcommand{\p@subsection}{\thesection\arabic{subsection}\expandafter\@gobble}
\renewcommand{\p@subsubsection}{\thesubsection\arabic{subsubsection}\expandafter\@gobble}
\makeatother

\begin{document}

\section{test}\label{test}
\subsection{subtest}\label{subtest}
\subsubsection{subsubtest}\label{subsubtest}


See section~\ref{test} and subsection~\ref{subtest} and subsubsection~\ref{subsubtest}!

\end{document}

Note that this is a little bit of a hack.

You could also adjust the sectioning commands using titlesec instead.

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  • 1
    This is not the correct way to do that simple thing. It's true that titlesec can be used, but the formatting of the (sub)section number is under the control of \@seccntformat.
    – egreg
    Jul 6, 2011 at 9:31
  • @egreg: I thought that there should be a better way to do it. Please also see the original question (this is a follow-up) Can I change \ref's output? and consider answering it as well. Thanks! Jul 6, 2011 at 9:38
  • That is correct.
    – egreg
    Jul 6, 2011 at 9:48
  • @Mara: actually egreg's solution is better. Give it a try. Jul 6, 2011 at 14:06
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See the relevant UK TUG FAQ

\makeatletter
\renewcommand{\@seccntformat}[1]{\csname the#1\endcsname.\quad}
\makeatother
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use the class scrartcl instead. It has an optional argument for this:

\documentclass[numbers=enddot]{scrartcl}
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