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I would like to be able to decide how long a resulting character sequence is, in order to properly type set an expression.

Consider an argument like \varepsilon or \mathscr{A} which both result in a single character.

I understand that we could compile a list of feasible macro names and look up the argument in the list.

Is there, however, a more canonical way to learn that the width of the argument is that of exactly one character (in which case I, among other actions, would omit parentheses)?


Consider a macro

\NewDocumentCommand{\fn}{m m}{
    {#1} \left( {#2} \right)
}

where #1 represents the name of the function (which is expected to be one or more characters long) and #2 represents the arguments to the function.

The macro is intended to properly typeset expressions like

\fn{f}{\frac{a}{b}}

\fn{\varepsilon}{\frac{a}{b}}

\fn{\mathscr{A}}{\frac{a}{b}}

\fn{Velocity}{vwx}

where the first argument may be of varying width and should remain unmodified if it is exactly one character long (or wide), and have \mathrm applied to if it is longer (or wider).

I intend to properly parse the input for particular tokens like \circle and see thus whether the first argument to \fn is a complex expression. I do understand that we use shorthand notation for function composition, in particular---this should be a corner case.

So to summarize,

I am looking for an approach to count the number of characters (and, likely, dimensional width) of a character sequence as it would be type-set.

  • do you mean length in number of characters? or length in units as in the standard latex \settowidth command? (which is usually more meaningful) – David Carlisle Feb 5 '15 at 10:59
  • I only need the number of characters. The length in units of measurement would likely differ for the both commands stated in the question. Why do you consider this more meaningful? – user71833 Feb 5 '15 at 11:08
  • Well, \neq uses two characters, should it count for one or two? Similarly, \notin is composed with two characters, but it's produced in a four pronged array. I'm afraid the problem is not even meaningful (not your fault, of course). – egreg Feb 5 '15 at 11:57
  • @egreg: Thanks. I think I understand. Is there nevertheless a way to do what is intended if we constraint the input to only letters (Latin and Greek with various type faces)? I think I could then extend it by combining tests for character length with tests for dimensional length. – user71833 Feb 5 '15 at 12:05
  • @user71833 It's better if you state your real problem. – egreg Feb 5 '15 at 12:07
1

This is a “solution” using expl3. It only counts the tokens of catcode 11 and 12 in the first argument and makes the decision whether to use \mathrm based on this reduced count.

Because this is an automated solution there may be false positives such as f_n in the MWE. One could improve the parsing algorithm to detect this, but it is still virtually impossible to cover all edge cases.

\documentclass{article}
\usepackage{xparse,mathrsfs}

\ExplSyntaxOn

\int_new:N \l_user_charcount_int

\cs_new_protected:Npn \user_parsefn:nn #1#2
 {
  \int_zero:N \l_user_charcount_int
  \tl_map_inline:nn { #1 }
   {
    \bool_if:nT { \token_if_letter_p:N ##1 || \token_if_other_p:N ##1 }
     { \int_incr:N \l_user_charcount_int }
   }
  \int_compare:nTF { \l_user_charcount_int > 1 }
   { \mathrm { #1 } }
   { #1 }
  \left( #2 \right)
 }

\NewDocumentCommand \fn { m m }
 {
  \user_parsefn:nn { #1 } { #2 }
 }

\ExplSyntaxOff

\begin{document}

$\fn{f}{\frac{a}{b}}$

$\fn{f_n}{\frac{a}{b}}$

$\fn{\varepsilon}{\frac{a}{b}}$

$\fn{\mathscr{A}}{\frac{a}{b}}$

$\fn{Velocity}{vwx}$

\end{document}

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