# How can I add “page # of ##” on my document?

I want to add a footer to my document displaying the current number out of total number of pages. How do I do that?

• How is this done for ConTeXt? – Serge Stroobandt Feb 5 '16 at 21:25
• @SergeStroobandt That should be a different question. – PTNobel Feb 25 '16 at 5:59

I have not tried, but I found this at some old .tex files:

\usepackage{lastpage}
\usepackage{fancyhdr}
\pagestyle{fancy}
...
\cfoot{\thepage\ of \pageref{LastPage}}


• +1 This is the method recommended within The LaTeX Compantion. – David Z Jul 27 '10 at 0:40
• @Docunext: Using lastpage does require two passes --- latex has no way to know how many pages a document will contain until it has had the chance to compile the document. – Sharpie May 9 '11 at 19:09
• Minor mod, to get the right spacing, \thepage\~of~\pageref{LastPage}} – Nicholas Hamilton Dec 20 '12 at 4:05
• Note that \usepackage{hyperref} is incompatible with this. – jontejj Jul 27 '13 at 13:41
• In addition to \usepackage{fancyhdr}, \pagestyle{fancy} or \thispagestyle{fancy} are needed. – Skippy le Grand Gourou Oct 13 '15 at 14:07

If the document just contains arabic page numbers, probably the lastpage package is your friend:

\usepackage{lastpage}
...
\cfoot{\thepage\ of \pageref{LastPage}}


If the document consists of e.g. X (ten) pages with Roman numbers in the front matter, 100 pages with arabic numbers in the main matter, and K (eleven) pages with alphabetical "numbered" pages in the back matter, \pageref{LastPage} will give "K", the name of the last page. If instead "121" (=10+100+11) shall be shown, the pageslts package can be used:

\usepackage{pageslts}
...
\cfoot{Page \thepage\ (\theCurrentPage) of \lastpageref{LastPages}}


which e.g. for page "B" in the backmatter would print "Page B (112) of 121". pageslts offers a lot of additional possibilities (probably "overkill" for a document with only arabic numbers).

When there is output via \AtEndDocument, \pageref{LastPage} of the lastpage package will not include that output, if that was placed \AtEndDocument after loading the package. If you want to reference the very last page, \lastpageref{VeryLastPage} of pageslts package can be used.

If \addtocounter{page}{...} or \setcounter{page}{...} is used, "LastPage does not give the total number of pages (even if arabic is the page numbering scheme of that page). (The pageslts package puts \lastpageref{LastPages} (with s at the end) at your disposal for remediation: LastPages ignores page number manipulation.)" (from the lastpage documentation).

If the last page uses the fnsymbol page numbering scheme, lastpage could get problems. (pageslts should work.)

Generally for generating "page ... of ..." two compilation runs are required. Depending on other packages, even more migt be necessary. See for any rerun messages at the end of the log-file.

If the hyperref package is used, but \pageref{LastPage} or \lastpageref{LastPages} shall not create a hyperlink, the starred forms are available: \pageref*{LastPage} and \lastpageref*{LastPages}.

The lastpage and pageslts manuals also list some further alternatives:

And Brent.Longborough additionally mentioned here the memoir package providing \thelastpage and \thelastsheet.

(If the question was "How do you add “page # of ##” on your document?" this would be a CW question...)

• This is an excellent answer and summarizes all the issues very well. – Yiannis Lazarides Oct 24 '11 at 8:42
• I use the totpages package you reference. The total # of pages is invoked with \ref{TotPages}. – Steven B. Segletes Oct 19 '15 at 10:05

The memoir package provides \thelastpage and \thelastsheet from their respective counters, depending on your precise needs.

• So with memoir one normally doesn't need lastpage or pageslts, correct? – Lover of Structure Feb 24 '13 at 12:18
• @LoverofStructure : That's correct. – Brent.Longborough Feb 24 '13 at 12:21
• This is very useful as I am using memoir class for my books, so its better to have less external dependencies. Thanks for this method. – Ibn Saeed Dec 22 '15 at 16:28

There is an alternative to the lastpage provided by the zref package. It has a lastpage module which provides the same functionality using the modern zref way to make references. Simply use \zpageref{LastPage} instead of \pageref{LastPage}.

For the minimal use-case this doesn't give any benefits, but with zref the number is not hyperlinked by default (if hyperref is loaded of course) and it also provides a \ziflastpage{<refname>}{<true>}{<false>} conditional to test if a certain label got placed on the last page. There are also further macros for package writers. See the zref manual for them.

\documentclass{article}

\usepackage[lastpage,user]{zref}

\usepackage{fancyhdr}
\pagestyle{fancy}
\cfoot{\thepage\ of \zpageref{LastPage}}

\begin{document}

The last page is \zpageref{LastPage}.

\newpage

...

\newpage

...

\newpage

on the last page

\end{document}

• To suppres hyperlink to last page in lastpage one can use \pageref*{LastPage}. – Adobe Feb 23 '13 at 11:04

Using the lastpage package, you can use the \pageref{LastPage} command to get the final page number of the document.

So the following code:

page \thepage\ of \pageref{LastPage}


would print "page # of ##" (where # is the current page number and ## is the final page number).

Sorry to add my late answer but this can be done without the use of any package, just by adding at the end a label \label{LastPage}. The total number of page being a \pageref{LastPage}.

Hey, but this doesn't work with complex page numbering ??!! Well, that's not true :

• One has to put the label at the end of the part where total page number is required.
• To prevent the label from escaping to the following part (ie jumping from main matter to back matter), I add some whitespaces after the label : {LastPage}~.

Here is a working example. I redefine frontmatter, mainmatter and backmatter because they are not present in the article class. This homemade solution should fit any needs

\documentclass{article}
\usepackage{fancyhdr}
\pagestyle{fancy}
\newcommand{\frontmatter}{\clearpage \cfoot{\thepage\ }
\setcounter{page}{1}
\pagenumbering{Roman}}
\newcommand{\mainmatter}{\clearpage \cfoot{\thepage\ of \pageref{LastPage}}
\setcounter{page}{1}
\pagenumbering{arabic}}
\newcommand{\backmatter}{\clearpage \cfoot{\thepage\ }
\setcounter{page}{1}
\pagenumbering{alph}}

\begin{document}
\frontmatter
The last page is \pageref{LastPageOfFrontMatter}.
\newpage ... \newpage  ... \newpage
on the last page of frontmatter
\label{LastPageOfFrontMatter}~
\mainmatter
The last page is \pageref{LastPage}.
\newpage ... \newpage  ... \newpage
on the last page of mainmatter
\label{LastPage}~
\backmatter
The last page is \pageref{LastPageOfBackMatter}.
\newpage ... \newpage  ... \newpage
on the last page of backmatter
\label{LastPageOfBackMatter}~
\end{document}

• +1 for avoiding loading yet another package. Nice if you want to keep it simple. – Vid Merljak Jul 31 '17 at 12:00

You could also use the totalcount package as follows:

% arara: pdflatex
\documentclass{article}
\usepackage{lipsum}
\usepackage{fancyhdr}
\usepackage[page]{totalcount}

\pagestyle{fancy}
\fancyhf{}
\cfoot{Page \thepage~of \totalpages}
\begin{document}

\lipsum
\lipsum
\lipsum
\lipsum
\lipsum
\lipsum
\lipsum
\lipsum
\lipsum
\lipsum
\lipsum
\end{document}


Here is a MWE using the lastpage package.

\documentclass[12pt]{article}
\usepackage{lastpage}
\usepackage{fancyhdr}
\usepackage{lipsum} % just for mock text

\pagestyle{fancy}
\fancyhf{}% clear all fields
\fancyfoot[C]{\thepage\ of \pageref{LastPage}}

\begin{document}

\lipsum

\end{document}


If you are using \maketitle, it issues \thispagestyle{plain}. The effect of this is that the first page numbering will remain 1, rather than 1 of 2. So you will need to redefine the plain pagestyle. Here is a MWE in that case.

\documentclass[12pt]{article}
\usepackage{lastpage}
\usepackage{fancyhdr}
\usepackage{lipsum} % just for mock text

\pagestyle{fancy}
\fancyfoot[C]{\thepage\ of \pageref{LastPage}}
\fancypagestyle{plain}{%
\fancyhf{}%
\fancyfoot[C]{\thepage\ of \pageref{LastPage}}}

\begin{document}

\title{MWE}
\maketitle

\lipsum

\end{document}


Thanks to egreg for the explanation and code for this example.

• +1 for solving first page 1 of x inestead of 1. – Emadpres Jan 10 '17 at 10:31
• +1 thank you very much indeed, can you also show how to do this with the KOMA articles (they are clashing with fancyhdr)? – Dieter.Wilhelm Feb 26 '18 at 6:44
• @Dieter.Wilhelm Probably not - I'm no expert. I suggest you ask another question on the site. If you want, you could ask on chat first, but they'll probably just tell you to ask a question. – Faheem Mitha Feb 26 '18 at 6:48

## In ConTeXt

\setuppagenumbering[location={footer,center}]
\setupfootertexts[Page \currentpage\ of \lastpage]


You can do it without the fancyhdr package, as documented in the lastpage package:

\usepackage{lastpage}

\makeatletter
\renewcommand{\@evenfoot}{\hfil page \thepage{} of \pageref*{LastPage}\hfil}
\renewcommand{\@oddfoot}{\@evenfoot}
\makeatother

• I had to remove the * in \pageref*{LastPage} to make it work. – Opt Sep 8 '18 at 1:33

Here is a combination of the total counter and associated counter features from xassoccnt to achieve the total page count, even if the page numbers are reset or changed manually in between.

Finally, the output is done with fancyhdr, for example.

\documentclass{article}

\usepackage{blindtext}
\usepackage{pgffor}
\usepackage{fancyhdr}
\usepackage{xassoccnt}

\NewTotalDocumentCounter{totalpages}
\DeclareAssociatedCounters{page}{totalpages}

\fancypagestyle{plain}{%
\fancyfoot[C]{This is page \thepage\ of \TotalValue{totalpages} pages}
}

\begin{document}

\pagestyle{plain}

There are \TotalValue{totalpages} pages in this document! % Should report 51 here!
\clearpage
% Generating 50 pages
\foreach \x in {1,...,50} {%
\blindtext
\clearpage
}
\end{document}


Since version 1.2 of xassoccnt the package supports the \DeclareTotalAssociatedCounters macro:

\documentclass{article}

\usepackage{blindtext}
\usepackage{pgffor}
\usepackage{fancyhdr}
\usepackage{xassoccnt}

\DeclareTotalAssociatedCounters{page}{totalpages}

\fancypagestyle{plain}{%
\fancyfoot[C]{This is page \thepage\ of \TotalValue{totalpages} pages}
}

\begin{document}

\pagestyle{plain}

There are \TotalValue{totalpages} pages in this document! % Should report 51 here!
\clearpage
% Generating 50 pages
\foreach \x in {1,...,50} {%
\blindtext
\clearpage
}
\end{document}

• You should really rewrite this to answer the question. That is, provide a solution of the form Page ## of ###. – Werner Mar 3 '17 at 6:21
• @Werner: Thanks, I 'ignored' the Page ## of ...### for unknown reasons – user31729 Mar 3 '17 at 6:27

In plain TeX, we can use the \lastpage register when opmac is loaded.

\input opmac
\openref
\footline={\hss \rm \thefontsize[10]\the\pageno/\the\lastpage \hss}