2

I have the following code

\listfiles
\documentclass[oneside,12pt]{scrartcl}
\usepackage[ngerman]{babel}
%\usepackage{amsmath}
\usepackage[fixamsmath,disallowspaces]{mathtools}
\begin{document}
\noindent
\underline{Verschiebare Ger{\"a}te}



\begin{equation*}
P_j(t,s_j) = \begin{cases}
    Q_{j,Standby} & \text{for } t < s_j \\
        Q_j(t-s_j) & \text{for  }s_j \leq t\leq s_j+p_j  \\
        Q_{j,Standby} & \text{for  } t>s_j+p_j 
   \end{cases}
    \end{equation*}

    mit

  \begin{align*}    
  s_j &= r_j+ \Delta t\\
      \Delta t &\leq tDoF
   \end{align*}

\noindent   
\underline{Beobachtbare Ger{\"a}te und Grundlast}

 \begin{align*}
P_{Beobachtbar}(t) & \rightarrow \text{nicht steuerbar, daher vorgegeben} \\
P_{Grundlast}(t) & \rightarrow \text{nicht steuerbar, daher vorgegeben}
\end{align*}

\noindent
\underline{Unterbrechbare Ger{\"a}te} \\
 $\rightarrow$ \text{ mit n verschiedenen Phasen (n beliebig aber fest)} 



\end{document}

And I would like to add more empty space before the underlined headlines. I tried \\ and \newline but it did not work. How can I shift the headlines to the bottom?

1

You can use \vspace{length}

\listfiles
\documentclass[oneside,12pt]{scrartcl}
\usepackage[ngerman]{babel}
%\usepackage{amsmath}
\usepackage[fixamsmath,disallowspaces]{mathtools}
\begin{document}
\noindent
\underline{Verschiebare Ger{\"a}te}
\begin{equation*}
P_j(t,s_j) = \begin{cases}
    Q_{j,Standby} & \text{for } t < s_j \\
        Q_j(t-s_j) & \text{for  }s_j \leq t\leq s_j+p_j  \\
        Q_{j,Standby} & \text{for  } t>s_j+p_j
   \end{cases}
    \end{equation*}
    mit
  \begin{align*}
  s_j &= r_j+ \Delta t\\
      \Delta t &\leq tDoF
   \end{align*}

\vspace{1cm}   %%<-----------------here
\noindent
\underline{Beobachtbare Ger{\"a}te und Grundlast}
 \begin{align*}
P_{Beobachtbar}(t) & \rightarrow \text{nicht steuerbar, daher vorgegeben} \\
P_{Grundlast}(t) & \rightarrow \text{nicht steuerbar, daher vorgegeben}
\end{align*}

\vspace{1cm}   %%<-----------------here
\noindent
\underline{Unterbrechbare Ger{\"a}te} \\
 $\rightarrow$ \text{ mit n verschiedenen Phasen (n beliebig aber fest)}

\end{document}

enter image description here

  • Generally leaving empty line before and after equation like environments is discouraged. But here, to use \vspace{1cm} you will need a blank line before it. – user11232 Feb 15 '15 at 22:17

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