Spacing of text within a table cell

I am inserting the following text inside the cell of a table

\documentclass[a4paper]{book}
\usepackage[latin1]{inputenc}
\usepackage[pdftex, final]{graphicx}
\usepackage[francais]{babel}
\usepackage[T1]{fontenc}
\usepackage{color}
\usepackage{marvosym}
\usepackage{longtable}
\usepackage{pdflscape}
\usepackage{color}

\setlength{\tabcolsep}{3pt}

\definecolor{female}{rgb}{1.0,0.2,0.2}
\definecolor{male} {rgb}{0.2,0.2,1.0}

\newcommand{\hgF}[1]{
\begin{description} \parskip0pt \parsep0pt
\itemsep0pt \partopsep0pt
\item[{\color{female}{\Female}}]%
{\color{female}{{\Large {\bf #1}}}}%
\end{description}%
}

\begin{document}

\begin{landscape}
\begin{longtable}{| p{0.4cm} | p{3.5cm} | p{1.8cm} | p{3.2cm} | p{3.5cm} | p{1.8cm} | p{3.2cm} | p{1.8cm} | p{3.2cm} |}
\hline
1 & \hgF{Louise Get} & 01/01/1847 & Revel (Haute-Garonne) & \hgF{Alphonse Martin} & 20/03/1865 & Revel (Haute-Garonne) & 07/10/1951 & Revel (Haute-Garonne) \\ [5pt]
\hline
\end{longtable}
\end{landscape}

\end{document}


I end up with way too much white space before and after the "FirstName LastName" text. Which are the dimensions controlling this additional spacing?

Secondary question, how do I (simply) avoid stretching the other text across the column width (hence the \flushleft command I had earlier!!).

• Can you show a complete MWE? – egreg Feb 24 '15 at 13:43
• what are you trying to achieve with the flushleft (which isn't doing much other than affecting the vertical space) – David Carlisle Feb 24 '15 at 13:57
• removed the \flushleft (left-over from previous trial and error). Spacing before and after still excessive! – Henri Feb 24 '15 at 14:02

\Large is a switch, \bf is deprecated and \color{female} doesn't take an argument too. So you need

\newcommand{\hgF}[1]{%
\begin{description} [nosep,labelwidth=0.75em,leftmargin=\dimexpr\labelwidth+\labelsep,
before=\vspace{-0.7\baselineskip},after=\vspace{-\baselineskip}]
\item[\color{female}\Female]%
{\color{female}\Large\bfseries#1}%
\end{description}%
}


Further, you may need to have \raggedright columns with

\usepackage{array}
\usepackage{ragged2e}
\newcolumntype{P}[1]{>{\RaggedRight\arraybackslash}p{#1}}


With this we have:

\documentclass[a4paper]{book}
\usepackage[latin1]{inputenc}
\usepackage[pdftex, final]{graphicx}
\usepackage[francais]{babel}
\usepackage[T1]{fontenc}
\usepackage{color}
\usepackage{marvosym}
\usepackage{longtable}
\usepackage{pdflscape}
\usepackage{color}
\usepackage{enumitem}

\setlength{\tabcolsep}{3pt}

\definecolor{female}{rgb}{1.0,0.2,0.2}
\definecolor{male} {rgb}{0.2,0.2,1.0}

\newcommand{\hgF}[1]{%
\begin{description} [nosep,labelwidth=0.75em,leftmargin=\dimexpr\labelwidth+\labelsep,
before=\vspace{-0.7\baselineskip},after=\vspace{-\baselineskip}]
\item[\color{female}\Female]%
{\color{female}\Large\bfseries#1}%
\end{description}%
}

\usepackage{array}
\usepackage{ragged2e}
\newcolumntype{P}[1]{>{\RaggedRight\arraybackslash}p{#1}}

\begin{document}

\begin{landscape}
\begin{longtable}{| P{0.4cm} | P{3.5cm} | P{1.8cm} | P{3.2cm} | P{3.5cm} | P{1.8cm} | P{3.2cm} | P{1.8cm} | P{3.2cm} |}
\hline
1 & \hgF{Louise Get} & 01/01/1847 & Revel (Haute-Garonne) & \hgF{Alphonse Martin} & 20/03/1865 & Revel (Haute-Garonne) & 07/10/1951 & Revel (Haute-Garonne) \\ [5pt]
\hline
\end{longtable}
\end{landscape}

\end{document}


• Thanks, progress, but I still would like to reduce significantly the space above and below the "Louise Get" and Alphonse Martin" cells. This is part of a long table which would stretch way too much with those settings. – Henri Feb 24 '15 at 14:40
• Yes, just like that. I now need to "understand" the logic behind these parameters. I guess this is a classical case of RTFM!! Thanks anyway!! – Henri Feb 24 '15 at 15:41
• One last question : how do I get the "Martin" to align with the "Alphonse". I tried several things redefining a new environment and resetting \leftmargin to no avail!! Thanks – Henri Feb 24 '15 at 17:31
• @Henri You have to adjust labelwidth=0.75em,leftmargin=\dimexpr\labelwidth+\labelsep. See the edit. – user11232 Feb 24 '15 at 23:03