I use figures with captions.




First paragraph (previous).


Second paragraph (following).


How can I change vertical space (padding?) between caption and following paragraph? Also, I want to change (increase a little) space between previous paragraph and top of image.


You could change \belowcaptionskip, for example:


For further customizations I recommend using the caption package. It provides a lot of features and is very well documented. If you're using the caption package, you can set the spacing as:

  • Thanks to yours and Mikael's answer I was able to set caption spacing to my needs. But still I don't know how can I increase space between paragraph and figure that is below it. – Ichibann Jul 17 '11 at 20:28
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    You can raise the length \intextsep by \addtolength or \setlength. – Stefan Kottwitz Jul 17 '11 at 20:32
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    Where should this command go? Inside the figure environment? – Royi Jun 4 '17 at 21:05
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    Yes. You can place it right before the \caption{} line. For eg: \begin{figure} \centering\includegraphics[]{my_figure.png} \setlength{\belowcaptionskip}{-8pt} \caption{my_caption} \label{my_label} \end{figure} – Benny Nov 18 '17 at 18:14
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    How can I apply this setting to just one figure? The above solution seems to affect all figures. – 2523fewqf23f Jun 28 '19 at 18:41

You can modify the following lengths, which affect all floats.;

  • \floatsep: space left between floats (12.0pt plus 2.0pt minus 2.0pt).
  • \textfloatsep: space between last top float or first bottom float and the text (20.0pt plus 2.0pt minus 4.0pt).
  • \intextsep : space left on top and bottom of an in-text float (12.0pt plus 2.0pt minus 2.0pt).
  • \dbltextfloatsep is \textfloatsep for 2 column output (20.0pt plus 2.0pt minus 4.0pt).
  • \dblfloatsep is \floatsep for 2 column output (12.0pt plus 2.0pt minus 2.0pt).
  • \abovecaptionskip: space above caption (10.0pt).
  • \belowcaptionskip: space below caption (0.0pt).


  • 8
    +1, but it would be handy if you added the default values of these lengths to your answer. – lockstep Jul 17 '11 at 20:11
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    @lockstep: Done, (at least for article class). – Mikael Öhman Jul 17 '11 at 22:04
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    \addtolength{\textfloatsep}{-0.2in} is the correct answer as you rightfully mentioned. – Amir Nov 2 '18 at 19:17
  • That's the answer! just for pure beginner like me, to use them put \setlength{\textfloatsep}{2.0pt plus 2.0pt minus 2.0pt} before \begin{document} will take effect. Plus, for two column document, if the figure cross two columns (\begin{figure*}[!t]), \dbltextfloatsep works. For figure fit in single column (\begin{figure}[h!]), \intextsep works. For figures fit in single column but stick at the bottom (\begin{figure}[b!]), \textfloatsep works. – Jason Mar 28 at 21:16

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