I am trying to have subfigures within one figure lets say Figure 1 , below is the code I have now. The problem is it doesn't show after I compile the tex and under the figures the following caption Fig1a:fishfigure and Fig1a:catfigure it shows instead: the following (a)fishfigure (b)catfigure...

Does anyone know what the problem is?

\subfigure[fish figure]{%
[cat figure]{%
  • Hi, right now, i don't even understand the question. Can you provide a test case? This would say more than a thousand words.
    – Johannes_B
    Mar 25, 2015 at 17:39
  • 1
    btw, right now, package subcaption is recommended to do the job.
    – Johannes_B
    Mar 25, 2015 at 17:39
  • @Johannes_B The code I provided should put three figures as subfigures, the caption of the figures do not show Fig1(a) Fig1(b) Fig1(c), it shows instead (a) (b) (c)...
    – Henry
    Mar 25, 2015 at 18:03

1 Answer 1


Use the subcaption package instead of the obsolete subfigure, redefine \thesubfigure and declare the desired format for the label using \DeclareCaptionLabelFormat:

A little example, using \subcaptionbox (another options would be to use the subfigure environment from subcaption):




\subcaptionbox{fish figure\label{fig:fish}}{%
\subcaptionbox{cat figure\label{fig:cat}}{%

As we see in subfigures~\ref{fig:fish}, \ref{fig:cat}, and~\ref{fig:dog}


enter image description here

The demo option for graphicx simply replaces actual figures with black rectangles; do not use that option in your actual document.

  • 1
    How many years will pass before subfigure goes into oblivion? :)
    – egreg
    Mar 25, 2015 at 18:46

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