I am using Texmaker under linux. My citations are like [author,year] which is as I want and I am using \bibliographystyle{dinat} and \usepackage[square]{natbib}. But I want to change [author u. a., year] to [author et al., year]. The u. a. is the equivalent of et al. in German. How can I do that? Should I change the style? I have tried \usepackage[USenglish]{babel} but there is no change.

  • 3
    The dinat bibliography style is specifically designed for German, and all of words and abbreviations ('editor', 'and', 'et al.') etc. will be in German. It might be simpler to use a different bibliography style. Is there a particular reason why you need to use an English dinat style?
    – Alan Munn
    Commented Apr 4, 2015 at 23:18
  • 1
    I was tolled to use at university. The style should be like [Author, year] and I guess that is the only reason. can I use harvard style?
    – Iman
    Commented Apr 4, 2015 at 23:20
  • I have tried tex.stackexchange.com/a/39457/75258 as well (the natbib suggestion) but there is no change in that!
    – Iman
    Commented Apr 4, 2015 at 23:22
  • 2
    What do you mean, no change? If you change the bibliographystyle command, you need to delete your .aux files and rerun latex, bibtex, latex, latex to see the new style.
    – Alan Munn
    Commented Apr 4, 2015 at 23:32
  • Ok. I tried it as you said, but these styles are not like[author,year]. They put numbers for citation.
    – Iman
    Commented Apr 4, 2015 at 23:54

6 Answers 6


Following worked for me with APA style:

   andothers = {{et\,al\adddot}},

  Sample: \textcite{beck:2001}


  Author    = {Beck, K. and Beedle, M. and van Bennekum, A. and Cockburn, A. and Cunningham, W. and Fowler, M. and Grenning, J. and Highsmith, J. and Hunt, A. and Jeffries, R. and Kern, J. and Marick, B. and Martin, R.C. and Mellor, S. and Schwaber, K. and Sutherland, J. and Thomas, D.},
  Title     = {Manifesto for Agile Software Development},
  Year      = {2001},
  URL       = {http://www.agilemanifesto.org/},

Credits go to this guy


The astron style, as explained in this answer, worked for me.


Simply changing the pushed standard texts defined in dinat.bst will work.

I downloaded the dinat.bst file: https://ctan.org/pkg/dinat

and modified

FUNCTION {push.ua} { "u.\,a." }

FUNCTION {push.und} { "und" }


FUNCTION {push.ua} { "et \,al." }

FUNCTION {push.und} { "and" }

Then, put this file in the folder of the .tex file.


I had the same problem with similar style, as you are having. The following code worked for me to get 'u.a.' to 'et al.':

\usepackage[sort&compress, square]{natbib}


Or you can change the entry in your .bib file, i. e. put curly brackets:

AUTHOR       = "{Beck, K. et al.}"

I had to cleanup all of Latex's auxiliary files and recompile from scratch. I then used

% ....

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