# How to divide a length-valued macro by a dimensionless-valued macro?

I have attempted to do as follows, but it does not work.

\documentclass{minimal}

\psset
{
xunit=\dimexpr1cm/\psPi\relax,
yunit=1cm
}

\begin{document}
\begin{pspicture}[showgrid](0,-1)(\psPi,1)
\psplot[plotpoints=300,algebraic]{0}{\psPi}{sin(2*x)}
\end{pspicture}
\end{document}


How to divide a length-valued macro by a dimensionless-valued macro?

• I just noticed, this issue will disappear if I use an integer dimensionless value. But I need 3.141592654 rather than 3. – xport Jul 23 '11 at 10:19

You can't do that directly. In TeX, a length can be only divided by integers. eTeX's \dimexpr and \numexpr can do nothing but what Knuth TeX's primitives can do. Thus the calculation 1cm/3.14 is not supported.

There is a trick to do this kind of calculation in TeX:

\documentclass{minimal}
\def\psPi{3.1415926}
\newcount\tmpcntA
\newdimen\tmpdimA
\newcount\tmpcntB
\newdimen\tmpdimB

\begin{document}

\tmpdimA=2cm
\tmpcntA=\tmpdimA % 3729359, in sp
\tmpdimB=\psPi pt
\tmpcntB=\tmpdimB % 205887, in sp
\divide\tmpcntA by \tmpcntB % 3729359 / 205887 = 2cm / 3.1416926pt
\tmpdimA=\tmpcntA pt % 2cm / 3.1415926pt * 1pt
% = 2cm / 3.1415926

\the\tmpdimA % 2cm/3.1415926 = 18.0pt

\end{document}


But it's not precise because of truncation. The approch cannot be used in many situations.

The better way is to use other method to do the calculation: fp package, pgf's math engine, raw PostScript calculation, etc.

I'm not very familar with PSTricks, here is the pst-fp solution:

\documentclass{minimal}
\pstFPdiv\result{2}{\psPi} % pst-fp is used

\psset
{
xunit=\result cm, % 0.636619773... cm
yunit=1cm
}

\begin{document}
\begin{pspicture}[showgrid](0,-1)(\psPi,1)
\psplot[plotpoints=300,algebraic]{0}{\psPi}{sin(2*x)}
\end{pspicture}
\end{document} • @Leo:In the ps-bundle exist a package called pst-fp. So you don't need a package like fp. The package pst-fp defines the command \pstFPdiv which is equivalent to \FPdiv. – Marco Daniel Jul 23 '11 at 10:50
• @Marco: Thank you. I knew pst-fp, but I thought it has only \FPadd and \FPminus (in fact it also has multiply and divide, but no more). And pst-fp is just a copy of fp. – Leo Liu Jul 23 '11 at 10:54
• '@Leo: Of course: In fact you don't need any further packages :-) because pst-fp is loaded automatically. I didn`t math the two packages ;-) – Marco Daniel Jul 23 '11 at 10:59