After submitting a paper to springer I got this error message:

Please revise the paper to conform with ApSS referencing style which is not [n].

What does that mean?

I am using the revtex4-1 class.

This is an example sample of my paper


\usepackage{graphicx}% Include figure files
\usepackage{dcolumn}% Align table columns on decimal point
\usepackage{bm}% bold math
%\usepackage{hyperref}% add hypertext capabilities
%\usepackage[mathlines]{lineno}% Enable numbering of text and display math
%\linenumbers\relax % Commence numbering lines

%\usepackage[showframe,%Uncomment any one of the following lines to test 
%%scale=0.7, marginratio={1:1, 2:3}, ignoreall,% default settings
%%total={6.5in,8.75in}, top=1.2in, left=0.9in, includefoot,




\date{\today}% It is always \today, today,
             %  but any date may be explicitly specified


\item[PACS numbers] 04.50.Kd, 04.20.-q, 04.25.Nx

\pacs{04.50.Kd, 04.20.-q, 04.25.Nx}% PACS, the Physics and Astronomy
                             % Classification Scheme.



\bibitem{dolgov2003can} Dolgov, Alexander D. {\em Can modified gravity explain accelerated cosmic expansion?} 2003: Physical Review D 68 123512.

\bibitem{nojiri2003modified} Nojiri, Shin’ichi and Odintsov, Sergei D {\em Modified gravity with negative and positive powers of curvature: Unification of inflation and cosmic acceleration} 2003: Physics Letters B 573 1-4.

\bibitem{carroll2003cosmic} Carroll, Sean M and Duvvuri, Vikram and Trodden, Mark and Turner, Michael S {\em Is cosmic speed-up due to new gravitational physics?} 2003

\bibitem{thorne2000gravitation} Wheeler, Thorne, Wheeler {\em Gravitation} 2003:  636–679

\bibitem{song2007large} Song, Yong-Seon and Hu, Wayne and Sawicki, Ignacy {\em Large scale structure of $f(R)$ gravity} 2007: Physical Review D 044004

\bibitem{faulkner2007constraining} Faulkner, Thomas and Tegmark, Max and Bunn, Emory F and Mao, Yi {\em Constraining $f(R)$ gravity as a scalar-tensor theory} 2007: Physical Review D 063505

\bibitem{bean2007dynamics} Bean, Rachel and Bernat, David and Pogosian, Levon and Silvestri, Alessandra and Trodden, Mark {\em Dynamics of linear perturbations in $f(R)$ gravity} 2007: Physical Review D 064020

\bibitem{sawicki2007stability} Sawicki, Ignacy and Hu, Wayne {\em Stability of cosmological solutions in $f(R)$ models of gravity} 2007: Physical Review D 127502

\bibitem{li2007cosmology} Li, Baojiu and Barrow, John D {\em Cosmology of $f(R)$ gravity in the metric variational approach} 2007: Physical Review D 084010

\bibitem{tsujikawa2008effect} Tsujikawa, Shinji and Tatekawa, Takayuki {\em The effect of modified gravity on weak lensing} 2008: Physical Review B 325--331

\bibitem{carroll2005cosmology} Carroll, Sean M and De Felice, Antonio and Duvvuri, Vikram and Easson, Damien A and Trodden, Mark and Turner, Michael S {\em Cosmology of generalized modified gravity models} 2005: Physical Review D 063513

\bibitem{starobinsky2007disappearing} Starobinsky, Alexei A {\em Disappearing cosmological constant in $f(R)$ gravity} 2007: JETP Letters 157--163

\bibitem{saaidi2012strong} Saaidi, Kh and Vajdi, A and Rabiei, SW and Aghamohammadi, A and Sheikhahmadi, H {\em Strong and weak gravitational field in $R+{\mu^{4}}/R$ gravity} 2012: Astrophysics and Space Science 739--745

\bibitem{arbuzova2012curvature} Arbuzova, EV and Dolgov, AD and Reverberi, L {\em Curvature oscillations in modified gravity and high energy cosmic rays} 2012: Eur. Phys. J. C 2247

\bibitem{cognola2008class} Cognola, G and Elizalde, E and Nojiri, S and Odintsov, SD and Sebastiani, L and Zerbini, S {\em Class of viable modified f (R) gravities describing inflation and the onset of accelerated expansion} 2008: Physical Review D 046009

\bibitem{gannouji2009growth} Gannouji, Radouane and Moraes, Bruno and Polarski, David {\em The growth of matter perturbations in $f(R)$ models} 2009: Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics 034

\bibitem{bengochea2009dark} Bengochea, Gabriel R and Ferraro, Rafael {\em Dark torsion as the cosmic speed-up} 2009: Physical Review D 124019


  • Was this an online submission? – Werner May 4 '15 at 16:39
  • yes, it was online – rdhdrhdr May 4 '15 at 16:52
  • 1
    So, where are the author's guidelines for submission. There must be some reference to ApSS style in there, with an example. Could you point us in that direction? Do they specify anything in terms of BibTeX or BibLaTeX? The reason I ask is that it seems you've formatted the content manually, rather than using a manager like BibTeX... perhaps that could be part of the problem. – Werner May 4 '15 at 16:53
  • You need to spoon-feed us information. What \documentclass are you using? Are you using BibTeX or BibLaTeX? Are you writing a monograph or a book? What? – Werner May 4 '15 at 16:58

Springer supports the use of BibTeX in terms of its references. And, since it requires journal-specific reference styles, it's best to use a reference tool like BibTeX to manage the layout to suit the submission needs.

Looking at your document template, you've created a bibliography manually. That is, you've specified a thebibliography environment with \bibitems verbatim. Instead, you should follow these steps:

  1. Download the LaTeX Author Package for publications in ASTR journal

    astr-support.zip includes a bunch of files. Specifically it includes a BibTeX style spr-mp-nameyear-cnd.bst.

  2. Construct your references in a file references.bib (say) using the default BibTeX syntax that has the form

    @<type>{<bibID>,<key-value list>}

    For example, let's take one of your \bibitems and rewrite it in this form:

      author  = Arbuzova, EV and Dolgov, AD and Reverberi, L,
      title   = Curvature oscillations in modified gravity and high energy cosmic rays,
      year    = 2012,
      journal = Eur.\ Phys.\ J.\ C,
      pages   = 2247
  3. Now, instead of a thebibliography environment, you should have


Of course, the above setup is completely different to what you're used to. You need to follow a compilation sequence pdfLaTeX > bibtex > pdfLaTeX > pdfLaTeX in order to test your output. See Question mark or bold citation key instead of citation number. However, this seems to be the way that Springer requests/would accept submissions.

  • ok, I'll try this and see what happens – rdhdrhdr May 4 '15 at 18:30
  • Werner, I have done what you have kindly suggested but the editor have sent my paper back stating the same reason i.e. ApSS referencing style. – rdhdrhdr May 8 '15 at 17:56
  • 1
    @rdhdrhdr: So you're using the bibliography style of the journal you're submitting to and they returned it stating that it doesn't conform to their style? You're either not doing it right, or ApSS doesn't match what spr-mp-nameyear-cnd provides, or you're not submitting it to the appropriate journal you mentioned. I don't know what the style ApSS looks like, hence my working with the source rather than some other guidelines. Perhaps you can ask the editor where you can find a BibTeX style for ApSS. – Werner May 8 '15 at 18:28

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.