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Is there a way to get the superscript math mode behavior without using ^?

By way of background: I work at a large school that has a large web site that occasionally has math content on pages. I recently convinced the powers that be to start using MathJax to render all of the math content, but they have encountered a hitch. There is a collection of pages that is processed by complicated subsystems in an automated way, and I'm told that the ^ character is a control character at some stage(s).

So either they have to work around that, or I could start communicating the math without using ^ symbol. (I understand that I may still have a MathJax issue to move on to, but my issue starts with this LaTeX question.)

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    Is this a LaTeX question? MathJax questions are off-topic – user31729 May 21 '15 at 21:03
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    In (La)TeX it's possible to use \sp instead of ^ for exponents; it doesn't seem possible in MathJax. Nothing can be done other than making a feature request to the developers. However, I have tried $\def\sp{^}a\sp{b}$ on a page where MathJax is used and it appears to work, so it may be possible to add \def\sp{^} to some initialization file. – egreg May 21 '15 at 21:06
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    @ChristianHupfer But mathjax is a recognized tag at this site, as you can see. So is that really true? In any case, it is not necessarily a MathJax question. If there exists a LaTeX command like, say, \mathsuperscript{}, then that would answer my question here. I'd move on to see if MathJAx supports it. – alex.jordan May 21 '15 at 21:13
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    @alex.jordan: MathJax uses the same syntax (or supports at least some commands) as (La)TeX, but the engine behind it is different. – user31729 May 21 '15 at 21:16
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    If your page is pre-processed before being sent to the browser, you might be able to use ^ in place of the ^ (either in your math expressions, or in the definition of \sp) in order to get past the pre-processing of ^. This is will be converted to the circumflex by the browser, but is not a literal ^ in the source file. – Davide Cervone May 22 '15 at 10:25
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in latex.ltx there is a line

\let\sp=^

so there is an alternate command, \sp, that will produce a superscript.

@egreg notes in a comment that this isn't available for mathjax, so it's apparently not "portable". however, david cervone (mathjax lead developer) says that

MathJax does handle \let\sp=^ [...]. MathJax's \let only works to set a control sequence name, not another character, so you can't do \let!=^, for example, but setting \sp would certainly work.

this command is inherited from plain.tex. in the texbook (p.135)

\danger If for some reason you cannot use ^ and _ for superscripts and subscripts, because you have an unusual keyboard or because you need ^ for French accents or something, plain TeX lets you type \sp and \sb instead. For example, $x\sp2$ is another way to get x2. On the other hand, some people are lucky enough to have keyboards that contain additional symbols besides those of standard ASCII.

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    Why is the macro named \sp? \stackpowers? – user31729 May 21 '15 at 21:09
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    @ChristianHupfer \let\sb=_ is the analog: SuPerscript and SuBscript. – egreg May 21 '15 at 21:10
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    @ChristianHupfer -- shorthand defined by knuth. this line in plain.tex': \let\sp=^ \let\sb=_`. adding note to answer. – barbara beeton May 21 '15 at 21:12
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    Can you add the original |verb| to the quote? I was a bit confused reading $x\sp2$ is another way to get $x\sp2$. Or simply leaving out the code-markup for the second instance might do just as fine. – Johannes_B May 21 '15 at 21:40
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    @ChristianHupfer, MathJax does handle \let\sp=^, so I'm not sure where that claim is coming from. MathJax's \let only works to set a control sequence name, not another character, so you can't do \let!=^, for example, but setting \sp would certainly work. Perhaps that is the source of the claim. – Davide Cervone May 22 '15 at 10:31

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