I have manually created all entries in the bibliography section. Now, I would like to create authoryear-style citation call-outs and hyperlink the citation call-outs to the entries in the bilbiography.

Can someone help me to do this?

I use the following packages:


An example of how I want it to look like


Text here (Author A, 2000)


\bibitem{example} Author A (2000), Example 1



So: I want that I can click on ''(Author A, 2000)'' and then be redirected in the pdf to the Reference.

  • 1
    Ŵelcome to TeX.SX! Your example misses (a lot of) features: \documentclass and a \cite command – user31729 May 29 '15 at 7:51
  • You added some tags about bibtex and cite-package, but you use none of them in your code – user31729 May 29 '15 at 8:07
  • @ChristianHupfer - I've gone ahead and deleted some of the unneeded tags. – Mico May 29 '15 at 8:10
  • @Mico: That was actually a comment to the OP, pushing him to provide a better example ;-) – user31729 May 29 '15 at 8:12
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    @ChristianHupfer - I may be wrong, but I suspect the OP didn't know about the optional argument of \bibitem and how it might be used to form citation call-outs when issuing \cite instructions. – Mico May 29 '15 at 8:14

To achieve your objective, you should

  • load the natbib package with the option authoyear,

  • load the hyperref package, and

  • use the optional argument of the \bibitem macro to provide the pieces of information that are needed to form the authoryear-style citation callouts. Note that there must not be a space between the author's name (or authors' names) and the year in the optional argument of \bibitem:

    \bibitem[Smith(2000)]{example} Smith, J. (2000), Example 1.

With such a setup, it's possible to use both the \citep and \citet macros of the natbib package.

A final remark: Just because it's possible to use this method doesn't mean it's advisable to do so. In the medium and long term, you'll do yourself a huge favor by learning how to use BibTeX and/or biblatex to handle the chores related to creating a formatted bibliography and generating appropriately formatted citation call-outs.

enter image description here



Text here  \citep{example}  % for parenthetic-style citation call-out

More text, \citet{example}  % for text-style citation call-out


\bibitem[Smith(2000)]{example} Smith, J. (2000), Example 1.


  • Thanks a lot! But, what if I want to have Smith et al. (2000)? – student441 May 29 '15 at 8:37
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    @student441 - Since you're manually formatting the bibliography, you must choose what you put in the optional arguments of the \bibitem macros. If you want "Smith et al. (2000)" in the citation call-out, you have to write \bibitem[Smith et al.(2000)]{example}. If you think this is tedious, I would fully agree with you. That's one reason why I wrote that you should look into learning how to use BibTeX and/or biblatex. – Mico May 29 '15 at 8:41
  • Ok thanks again! Very helpful. One more question: \usepackage[colorlinks=true,allcolors=blue]{hyperref} makes also my equation links (\eqref) blue instead of red. How can I make sure that my equation links stay red? – student441 May 29 '15 at 8:43
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    @student441 - Just reset the citecolor option to the color you like; e.g., write citecolor=blue. (The default color for citation callouts is light green, which I don't find all that appealing.) Depending on your color preferences, you may need to load the xcolor package as well, probably with one or more options. If you have a question about color choices, feel free to post a new question. – Mico May 29 '15 at 8:50

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