# Bending arrows in tikz-cd

Following the advice of LaRiFaRi in an answer to this question, I switched from XY-Pic to tikz-cd. The file below contains my diagram in XY-Pic and in tikz-cd. Please help me to make my diagram in tikz-cd beautiful!

I would like:

1. To improve the problematic arrow from $\ell-1$ to 1;

2. To make the arrow tips sharper, as in XY-Pic;

3. To make the solid lines touch (or at least almost touch) the small circles.

Note that my diagram is an (affine) Dynkin diagram, so it should look as a Dynkin diagram, see these pictures.

EDIT: I took the corrected arrow from LaRiFaRi's answer and found suitable arrow tips in the library following his advice. Now the diagram is nicer than that of XY-Pic. Still I need solid lines coming closer to the small circles. Find below the corrected diagram.

 \documentclass[a4paper,12pt]{amsart}
\usepackage[all]{xy}
\usepackage{tikz-cd}
\usetikzlibrary{arrows.meta}

\def\ccc{{  \lower0.3ex\hbox{{\text{\Large$\circ$}}}}}
\newcommand{\bc}{{\overset{#1}{\ccc}}}
\newcommand{\bcu}{{\underset{#1}{\ccc}}}

\begin{document}
$\xymatrix@1@R=-5pt@C=10pt{ & \bc{0} \ar@{-}[rd]\ar@/^0.75pc/@{-->}[rrrr] && &&\bc{\ell-1}\ar@{-}[ld] \ar@{-->} l[lld] [lldd] [lllldd] \\ &&\bc{2}\ar@{-}[r] & \cdots \ar@{-}[r] & \bc{\ell-2} \\ &\bc{1}\ar@{-}[ru] \ar@/_0.7pc/@{-->}[rrrr] & & & &\bc{\ell}\ar@{-}[lu] \ar@{--2>} d[l] l[lllll] [uu] [lllluu] \\ }$
\bigskip

$\begin{tikzcd}[every arrow/.append style={dash},row sep=-5pt, column sep=10pt] \bc{0} \arrow{dr} \arrow[thin,-{Stealth[open]}, dashed,bend left=20]{rrr} & &[.8cm] & \bc{\ell-1} \arrow[thin,-{Stealth[open]}, dashed, rounded corners, to path={ -- ([xshift=-1.795cm]\tikztostart.west) |- (\tikztotarget)}]{llldd} \\ & \bc{2} \arrow{r}[description]{\ldots} & \bc{\ell-2} \arrow{ur}\arrow{dr} & \\ \bc{1}\arrow[thin,-{Stealth[open]}, dashed,bend right=20]{rrr}\arrow{ur} & & & \bc{\ell} \arrow[thin,-{Stealth[open]}, dashed, rounded corners, to path={ -- ([yshift=-2ex]\tikztostart.south) -| ([xshift=-1.5ex]\tikztotarget.west) -- (\tikztotarget)}]{uulll} \end{tikzcd}$
\end{document} You can try the dynkin-diagrams package. This example is included in the documentation. Note that by default, the affine root of this D series diagram is marked with a white circle, while the other roots have solid circles; you can easily change this if you don't like it. \documentclass{amsart}
\usepackage{dynkin-diagrams}
\tikzset{big arrow/.style={
-Stealth,line cap=round,line width=1mm,
shorten <=1mm,shorten >=1mm}}
\newcommand\catholic{\draw[big arrow,green!25!white]
(root #1) to (root #2);}
\newcommand\protestant{
\begin{scope}[transparency group, opacity=.25]
\draw[big arrow,orange] (root #1) to (root #2);
\end{scope}}
\begin{document}
\begin{dynkinDiagram}[edge length=1.2cm,
indefinite edge/.style={thick,loosely dotted},
labels*={0,1,2,3,\ell-3,\ell-2,\ell-1,\ell}]{D}{}
\catholic{0}{6}\catholic{1}{7}
\protestant{7}{0}\protestant{6}{1}
\end{dynkinDiagram}
\end{document}


Maybe this?

% arara: pdflatex

\documentclass[a4paper,12pt]{amsart}
\usepackage{tikz-cd}

\begin{document}
$\begin{tikzcd}[row sep=-5pt, column sep=10pt,cells={nodes={draw, circle,font=\tiny, inner sep=2pt, minimum size=24pt}}] 1 \arrow[dash]{dr} \arrow[dashed,bend left=25]{rrr} & &[.8cm] & \ell-1 \arrow[dashed, rounded corners, to path={ -- ([xshift=-1.795cm]\tikztostart.west) |- (\tikztotarget)}]{llldd} \\ & 2 \arrow[dash]{r}[description]{\ldots} & \ell-2 \arrow[dash]{ur}\arrow[dash]{dr} & \\ 1 \arrow[dash]{ur} & & & \ell \arrow[dashed,bend left=25]{lll} \arrow[dashed, rounded corners, to path={ -- ([yshift=-2ex]\tikztostart.south) -| ([xshift=-1.5ex]\tikztotarget.west) -- (\tikztotarget)}]{uulll} \end{tikzcd}$
\end{document} I have not changed the arrow tips as the ones from xy are just ugly. If you want to change to some other style, just look into the manual. xy` arrow heads are not included asaif.

• Dear @LaRiFaRi, this is very beautiful, but not what I need. I need a labeled graph: small circles and small numbers/symbols near the small circles. The solid lines should come very close to the circles (maybe even touch them). I have edited my file in the question, taking in account your answer. Still I don't know how to make the solid lines come closer to the small circles. Jun 10, 2015 at 19:17