Not able to see the complete equation [duplicate]

I am trying to write an equation using this LaTeX code

$$\frac{n_d}{m_d}.\psi\left(x+1,y\right)+\frac{n_d}{m_d}.\psi\left(x-1,y\right)-2.\left(\frac{n_d}{m_d}+\frac{m_d}{n_d}\right).\psi\left(x,y\right)+\frac{m_d}{n_d}.\psi\left(x,y+1\right)+\frac{m_d}{n_d}.\psi\left(x,y-1\right)=m_d*n_d*\frac{q}{\epsilon}\left(n-p-C\right)$$


but when I compile it I can only see a part of the equation in the generated pdf.

• Welcome to TeX.SX! This equation is just too long. You have to put it on two ore more lines. – LaRiFaRi Jun 15 '15 at 7:41
• Also note that you can use \cdot for a multiplication dot. – user49901 Jun 15 '15 at 7:43

Your equation is too long to fit in one line. You could use the split environment, with the amsmath package, to break it in two or more lines:

\documentclass[10pt]{article}

\usepackage{amsmath}
\begin{document}

$$\begin{split} \frac{n_d}{m_d}\cdot\psi\left(x+1,y\right)+\frac{n_d}{m_d}\cdot\psi\left(x-1,y\right)-2\cdot\left(\frac{n_d}{m_d}+\frac{m_d}{n_d}\right)\cdot\psi\left(x,y\right) \\ +\frac{m_d}{n_d}\cdot\psi\left(x,y+1\right)+\frac{m_d}{n_d}\cdot\psi\left(x,y-1\right)=m_dn_d\frac{q}{\epsilon}\left(n-p-C\right) \end{split}$$

\end{document}

• As @Grimler pointed out, I replaced all the dots with \cdot. – MarcoG Jun 15 '15 at 7:50
• @Grimler and Marco: The period is not wrong but just another style. You do not see that very often these days, but it still exists. Just for info. – LaRiFaRi Jun 15 '15 at 7:58
• @LaRiFaRi Thanks for the info, I've never seen it. – MarcoG Jun 15 '15 at 8:02
• Wiki says it is French or Bulgarian style. Maybe not as obsolescent as I thought. (but personally, I do not like it...) – LaRiFaRi Jun 15 '15 at 8:07

If an equation is too long to fit on a single line, you need to employ an alternative environment that allows for line breaks. The multline environment (provided by the amsmath package) would seem to be well suited for your equation.

I would also replace all instances of . and * (dots and stars) with simple thinspaces.

\documentclass{article}
\usepackage{amsmath} % for "multline"  environment

\begin{document}

\noindent
before: \texttt{equation} environment
$$\frac{n_d}{m_d}.\psi\left(x+1,y\right)+\frac{n_d}{m_d}. \psi\left(x-1,y\right)-2. \left(\frac{n_d}{m_d}+\frac{m_d}{n_d}\right). \psi\left(x,y\right)+\frac{m_d}{n_d}. \psi\left(x,y+1\right)+\frac{m_d}{n_d}. \psi\left(x,y-1\right)=m_d*n_d*\frac{q}{\epsilon}\left(n-p-C\right)$$

\bigskip\noindent
after: \texttt{multline} environment, no .'' or $*$'', no \verb+\left+ or \verb+\right+ directives
\begin{multline}
\frac{n_d}{m_d}\, \psi(x+1,y)+\frac{n_d}{m_d}\, \psi(x-1,y)
-2\, \Bigl(\frac{n_d}{m_d}+\frac{m_d}{n_d}\Bigr)\, \psi(x,y)\\
+\frac{m_d}{n_d}\, \psi(x,y+1)+\frac{m_d}{n_d}\, \psi(x,y-1)
=m_d\, n_d\, \frac{q}{\epsilon}(n-p-C)
\end{multline}

\end{document}


Here are two solutions. I used the geometry package, to have more sensible margins, and a split environment. In the second suggestion, I grouped terms in the l.h.s. In both I removed the useless dots, and all \left … \right pairs, replacing only the middle one with a pait \biggl … \biggr (the smaller size \Bigl … \Bigr might be OK too):

\documentclass{article}

\usepackage{mathtools}
\usepackage[showframe]{geometry}
\begin{document}

$$\begin{split} \frac{n_d}{m_d} \psi(x+1,y) & +\frac{n_d}{m_d}.\psi(x-1,y)-2 \biggl(\frac{n_d}{m_d}+ \frac{m_d}{n_d}\biggr) \psi(x,yt) + \frac{m_d}{n_d}\psi(x,y+1)+\frac{m_d}{n_d}\psi(x,y-1) \\ & =m_d*n_d*\frac{q}{\epsilon}(n-p-C) \end{split}$$

$$\begin{split} \frac{n_d}{m_d}\bigl((\psi(x+1,y) + \psi(x-1,y)\bigr) & -2 \biggl(\frac{n_d}{m_d}+ \frac{m_d}{n_d}\biggr) \psi(x,yt) + \frac{m_d}{n_d}\bigl(\psi(x,y+1)+\psi(x,y-1)\bigr) \\ & =m_d*n_d*\frac{q}{\epsilon}(n-p-C) \end{split}$$

\end{document}