There is \rightrightarrows to produce two parallel arrows, \longrightarrow to produce a longer arrow and \xrightarrow to produce an extendable arrow. But is there an easy way to produce two long parallel arrows (say \longrightrightarrows) and two extendable parallel arrows (say \xrightrightarrows)?

I have tried to use \atop, \overset, \underset, but it's always imperfect. Using \atop, the distance between the two parallel arrows are too large. Using \overset, the length of the two parallel arrows are different. More generally, what I need are: one can change the length of arrows, the distance betweens the arrows and it should be symmetrical with respect to default vertical position. Also, it should can be typed in both inline math mode and display math mode. And if it can be typed in mathoverflow, it would be great. (In the site mathoverflow, one can't not use \xymatrix....)

The examples looks like:


I wrote the extpfeil package, which allows creating new extensible arrow types (using the same mechanism which amsmath uses internally for its build-in arrows).

With this, you can write once


and then:

$ A \xbigtoto[d_1]{d_2} B $

This will be included in the next version of the package - but I'm not sure when this will be. (You can grab it from Github, though.) This is a screenshot from the package documentation:


The package does not yet provide support for three parallel arrows – you would need something analogous to \bigRelbar which draws three lines, and something analogous to \bigtwoarrowsleft which draws three arrows.

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  \ifdim\@tempdimb>\@tempdima \@tempdima=\@tempdimb\fi
    \offinterlineskip\ialign{\hbox to\dimexpr\@tempdima+1em{##}\cr
    \offinterlineskip\ialign{\hbox to\dimexpr\@tempdima+1em{##}\cr



Double and triple right arrow

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  • Can you explain what {##} does there? I am trying to make new arrows based on your code. – The Great Seo Apr 28 at 15:41
  • @TheGreatSeo That's for denoting the template in \ialign; alignments are quite an advanced topic in the TeXbook; suffice it to say that # represents the actual content of a cell, and it needs to be doubled because it's used inside a definition. – egreg Apr 28 at 16:09

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