Similar to this question, Include section number in list number, I would like to prepend the paragraph number to the list item labels in a enumerate environment, e.g.

Paragraph 1. Some text

1.1. item 1
1.2. item 2

Paragraph 2. Some more text

2.1. item 1
2.2. item 2


I have tried to achieve this using


but this ends up with the full sectioning number, e.g. item 1 in ch.3, s.1, subs.2, para 1.

So there are two questions about this:

  • how come the paragraph number always stays at 0?
  • how do I get just the paragraph number?


I am using \paragraph commands. Here is the general structure of my section.

more text
\paragraph{baz} paragraph text
  \item bla
  \item blob

\paragraph{another} second para text
  \item bla again
  \item blob
  • 1
    what about \renewcommand{\theenumi}{\arabic{paragraph}.\arabic{enumi}}
    – touhami
    Jun 24, 2015 at 23:16
  • Are you using \paragraph commands? For the second question, instead of \theparagraph (which is typically defined in terms of the hierarchical section structure), use \arabic{paragraph}.
    – Werner
    Jun 24, 2015 at 23:16
  • Your \theparagraph is strangely defined then, since it seems to always end with 0.0...
    – Werner
    Jun 24, 2015 at 23:27
  • Yes, it seems so. I tried using \arabic{paragraph}, which helps, but still displays 0 for the para number.
    – nik
    Jun 24, 2015 at 23:29
  • The secnumdepth decides whether relevant counters are increased or not. If the article standard value is used, then this is 3, paragraphs however need a value of 4. If it's still set to 3, the paragraph counter is fixed to 0. I assume, that your \theparagraph outputs some other counter value
    – user31729
    Jun 24, 2015 at 23:42

1 Answer 1


A solution with enumitem package, here without changing the paragraph counter format, only the enumi label is prepended with \arabic{paragraph} in the \setlist command. This will be applied for all enumerate environments.

If the change should be local only, just say \begin{enumerate}[label={\arabic{paragraph}.\arabic*}] then.





\section{First section}
\subsection{First subsection}
\subsubsection{First subsubsection}
\paragraph{Some Paragraph}
  \item text text text
  \item text text text

\paragraph{Some other paragraph}
  \item text text text
  \item text text text


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