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A very basic question: I am a beginner using MiKTeX with Windows (8.1). I only know how to edit and compile with TeXnicCenter. Now and then I learn from this very helpful TeX-forum that it is necessary to execute ("run") some commands like e. g. xindy -M texindy -L vietnamese -C utf8 dominik.idx. How is this to be done? I tried with the Windows command line but I only get the following response: 'xindy' is not recognized as an internal or external command, operable program or batch file - no matter which directory I'm in. Could someone please explain how to do this?

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    xindy is rather special: it has been added to miktex only a few days ago. Try first other tools. – Ulrike Fischer Jun 29 '15 at 16:27
  • How about executing commands in general? How/where do you do that? – Dominik Jun 29 '15 at 16:29
  • Are you sure xindy is installed? For me it works fine on a Windows 7 system. – Bernard Jun 29 '15 at 20:54
  • @Bernard Well, I think so. I downloaded all available packages with xindy in their names; respective directories have been created (like \MiKTeX 2.9\xindy). Still I do not know where to go in order to execute these commands... – Dominik Jun 30 '15 at 7:47
  • Using the windows command line should work fine. If you need a command more often, you can add buttons/profiles in texniccenter similar to the one which now starts pdflatex (which you could run on the command line too). I wouldn't want to have to write all the xindy options constantly ;-). – Ulrike Fischer Jun 30 '15 at 7:47
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As in the comments the question was changed to "how to get the new xindy working in miktex" here some background:

xindy.exe in the miktex bin-folder is a small wrapper which calls perl xindy.pl. A lot of the applications in the miktex folder are only wrappers (which explains why they are so small).

The wrappers are normally created with initexmf --mklinks --admin (or without --admin in the case of single user installation). In most cases the installation creates the wrappers.

The wrappers are listed in scripts.ini. This is a protected file and one can't change it manually. New wrapper applications must be added by miktex updates.

This means that for a new application like xindy it is not enough to install the relevant xindy packages one should also run the update manager (admin) to update other core miktex packages.

Beside this: when managing miktex one should close other miktex applications (like YAP) so that they don't block core files.

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