# Sweave-generated pdf-figure has two pages instead of one, with the first being empty

Using Sweave() in R I am trying to include a ggplot2-graphic generated by marrangeGrob() from the R package gridExtra into a pdf document.

The problem occuring is that the pdf containing the figure included by the tex-document out of Sweave() has two pages, leaving the first page empty. The plot appears only on the second page. Therefore the figure won't appear in a pdf generated by the tex-file out of Sweave().

The following is the content of an Rnw-file illustrating the problem:

\documentclass[a4paper]{article}

\title{My first plot}
\author{}

\begin{document}

<<fig=TRUE, width=7, height=7>>=
set.seed(1234)
data <- data.frame(x=factor(sample(c("yes", "no"), replace=TRUE, size=150)),
y=rnorm(150), z=factor(sample(c("a1", "a2"), replace=TRUE, size=150)))

library("ggplot2")
p1 <- ggplot(data=data, aes(x=x, y=y)) + geom_boxplot() + coord_flip() + ylab("y")
p2 <- ggplot(data=data, aes(x=z, fill=x)) +
geom_bar(position="dodge") + xlab("a1 or a2") +
theme(legend.position=c(0.8,0.8))

library("gridExtra")
grobframe <- marrangeGrob(list(p1, p2), ncol=2, nrow=1, top=NULL)

grobframe
@

\end{document}


How is it possible to prevent that the pdf containing the figure has two pages, where the first in empty, in order to make the plot show up in the final document?

• Perhaps the image is too big to fit on the first page? Have you tried scaling it down? – Gonzalo Medina Aug 4 '15 at 14:24
• I tried to vary width and height in <<fig=TRUE, width=7, height=7>>=, but that didn't help. Or did you mean a different procedure? – user3298179 Aug 4 '15 at 14:27
• Yes, that's what I meant (although I don't have any idea about Sweave). DO you get any warnings when processing your document? If so, could you add it(them) to your question? – Gonzalo Medina Aug 4 '15 at 14:35
• You code as is runs fine with everything 'code' and 'both plots' on a single page. I used knitr instead of sweave. Read yihui.name/knitr for manuals and examples. – R. Schumacher Aug 4 '15 at 14:37
• @ Gonzalo Medina: thanks, but unfortunately there are no warnings or error messages. @ R.Schumacher: thanks, that sounds good, I will try with knitr and report on whether I got it to work. – user3298179 Aug 4 '15 at 14:40

When converting from Sweave to knitr, there are some syntax differences. If you have running Sweave code blocks in an *.Rnw file then you can.

1. Open R
2. Change directory to the location of the *.Rnw file
3. Load the package knitr with library('knitr')
4. Now run the command Sweave2knitr("*.Rnw")
5. This will create a file called *-knitr.Rnw that now has correct knitr commands.

For this question the *-knitr.Rnw file is:

\documentclass[a4paper]{article}

\title{My first plot}
\author{}

\begin{document}

<<width='7in', height='7in'>>=
set.seed(1234)
data <- data.frame(x=factor(sample(c("yes", "no"), replace=TRUE, size=150)),
y=rnorm(150), z=factor(sample(c("a1", "a2"), replace=TRUE, size=150)))

library("ggplot2")
p1 <- ggplot(data=data, aes(x=x, y=y)) + geom_boxplot() + coord_flip() + ylab("y")
p2 <- ggplot(data=data, aes(x=z, fill=x)) +
geom_bar(position="dodge") + xlab("a1 or a2") +
theme(legend.position=c(0.8,0.8))

library("gridExtra")
grobframe <- marrangeGrob(list(p1, p2), ncol=2, nrow=1, top=NULL)

grobframe
@

\end{document}


Either using the R-console or in my case a tailored user-command in TeXmaker, you need to first run knit on the above file, which results in an *.tex file.

Now you simple do a normal LaTeX compile.

The very important points to remember. Only edit the *.Rnw file, and you must re-knit it before a new LaTeX compile.

The output from the above code is: