# TikZ labelling venn diagram

I have a 3-circle venn diagram

\def\firstcircle{(0,0) circle (2cm)}
\def\secondcircle{(55:2.67cm) circle (2cm)}
\def\thirdcircle{(0:3cm) circle (2cm)}

% Now we can draw the sets:
\begin{tikzpicture}
\draw \firstcircle node[below] {$A$};
\draw \secondcircle node [above] {$B$};
\draw \thirdcircle node [below] {$C$};
\end{tikzpicture}


How do I add text labels where the circles overlap?

A simple solution is

\documentclass{article}
\usepackage{tikz}

\begin{document}

\begin{tikzpicture}
\tikzset{venn circle/.style={draw,circle,minimum width=6cm,fill=#1,opacity=0.4}}

\node [venn circle = red] (A) at (0,0) {$A$};
\node [venn circle = blue] (B) at (60:4cm) {$B$};
\node [venn circle = green] (C) at (0:4cm) {$C$};
\node[left] at (barycentric cs:A=1/2,B=1/2 ) {$A \cap B$};
\node[below] at (barycentric cs:A=1/2,C=1/2 ) {$A \cap C$};
\node[right] at (barycentric cs:B=1/2,C=1/2 ) {$B \cap C$};
\node[below] at (barycentric cs:A=1/3,B=1/3,C=1/3 ){$A \cap B \cap C$};
\end{tikzpicture}
\end{document} • Very nice use of barycentric coordinates. You could even handle circles of different radii by using appropriate factors in the coordinate specification. – Andrew Stacey Aug 20 '11 at 10:49
• Yes you are right but I made this solution very quickly without flourish . There is a little problem with the names of the first circles and opacity. – Alain Matthes Aug 20 '11 at 11:32
• It's important to note that you cannot use spacesin the barycentric coordinate specifications (like A = 1/2). This is noted in section 13.2.2 of the TikZ manual, but it wouldn't be obvious to someone adapting the code from this answer. Adding the spaces leads to an error. – Aaron Mar 19 '13 at 0:14 \documentclass{article}
\usepackage{pst-node}
\SpecialCoor

\usepackage[active,tightpage]{preview}
\PreviewBorder=0pt\relax
\PreviewEnvironment{pspicture}

\begin{document}

\begin{pspicture}(-3.25,-3.25)(3.25,3.25)
\def\R{1}
\def\RR{2}
\pnode(\R;30){A}\rput(\RR;30){$A$}
\pnode(\R;150){B}\rput(\RR;150){$B$}
\pnode(\R;270){C}\rput(\RR;270){$C$}
\psset{opacity=0.4}
\def\r{2}
\pscircle*[linecolor=red](A){\r}
\pscircle*[linecolor=green](B){\r}
\pscircle*[linecolor=blue](C){\r}
\def\d{1.5}
\rput(\d;90){$A \cap B$}
\rput(\d;210){$B \cap C$}
\rput(\d;-30){$A \cap C$}
\rput(0,0){$A\cap B\cap C$}
\end{pspicture}

\end{document}


You could place the labels manually by using \node at (<x>,<y>) {$A \cap C$};, but you'd have to find the coordinates by trial and error.

A more "proper" way is using the intersections library. To use it, you name the paths you want to intersect using unique names (name path=<name>), in this case the circles.

Then you can find the intersections by issuing name intersections = {of=<firstpath> and <secondpath>} as an argument to a path or a draw command.

The intersections will be available as coordinate nodes with the naming scheme intersection-<number>. You can now define a path between two intersections, and place a node halfway between the intersections using node [pos=0.5] {<label>} in the path.

For labelling the central overlap, you could use the calc library to specify the average of the circle coordinates using ($0.33*(A)+0.33*(B)+0.33*(C)$): \documentclass{article}
\usepackage{tikz}
\usetikzlibrary{intersections}
\usetikzlibrary{calc}

\begin{document}

\def\firstcircle{[name path=firstcircle] (0,0) circle (2cm)}
\def\secondcircle{[name path=secondcircle] (55:2.67cm) circle (2cm)}
\def\thirdcircle{[name path=thirdcircle] (0:3cm) circle (2cm)}

% Now we can draw the sets:
\begin{tikzpicture}
\draw \firstcircle node[below,name=A] {$A$};
\draw \secondcircle node [above,name=B] {$B$};
\draw \thirdcircle node [below,name=C] {$C$};
\path [ name intersections = {of = firstcircle and secondcircle } ] (intersection-1) -- (intersection-2) node [pos=0.5] {$A \cap B$};
\path [ name intersections = {of = secondcircle and thirdcircle } ] (intersection-1) -- (intersection-2) node [pos=0.5] {$B \cap C$};
\path [ name intersections = {of = firstcircle and thirdcircle } ] (intersection-1) -- (intersection-2) node [pos=0.5] {$A \cap C$};
\node at ($0.33*(B)+0.33*(C)+0.33*(A)$) {$A \cap B \cap C$};
\end{tikzpicture}

\end{document}

• thanks, how about where the three overlap? – yolo Aug 19 '11 at 12:19
• If you're using the calc library to get the threefold overlap, you might as well do it for the others. The A interect B label can go at $0.5*(A) + 0.5*(B)$, etc. – Matthew Leingang Aug 19 '11 at 15:52
• Also, do you have a solution that would accommodate circles of different sizes? For instance, if you change the size of circle A to 3cm, the label for B is in B intersect C, and the label for B intersect C is in A intersect B intersect C. – Matthew Leingang Aug 19 '11 at 15:54

Run it with XeLaTeX

\documentclass{article}
\usepackage{pst-node}
\begin{document}

\begin{pspicture}(-2,-2)(5,4)
\psnode(0,0){first}{A}\psnode(2.67;55){second}{B}\psnode(3,0){third}{C}
\pscircle*[linecolor=red,opacity=0.4](first){2}
\pscircle*[linecolor=green,opacity=0.4](second){2}
\pscircle*[linecolor=blue,opacity=0.4](third){2}
\ncline[linestyle=none]{first}{second}\ncput{$A \cap B$}
\ncline[linestyle=none]{first}{third}\ncput{\rnode{AC}{$A \cap C$}}
\ncline[linestyle=none]{second}{third}\ncput{$B \cap C$}
\ncline[linestyle=none]{second}{AC}\ncput[npos=0.75]{$A\cap B\cap C$}
\end{pspicture}

\end{document} • thanks, how about where the three overlap? – yolo Aug 19 '11 at 12:19
• see edited answer – user2478 Aug 19 '11 at 12:25

For anyone looking for something simple, consider using the venndiagram package (which depends on TikZ):

\documentclass{article}
\usepackage{venndiagram}

\begin{document}

\begin{venndiagram3sets}[labelOnlyAB={$A \cap B$},
labelOnlyAC={$A \cap C$},
labelOnlyBC={$B \cap C$},
labelABC={$A \cap B \cap C$},
overlap=2.5cm]
\end{venndiagram3sets}

\end{document} Extra notes:

• I did have to manually play with the overlap and radius numbers to get a good fit for the text.

• You can pass options to tikzpicture with the venndiagram3sets option tikzoptions.

• Although you can change the color, I think you cannot set separate colors for separate sets.