I have a document (an article) which I am writing and it includes a references section at the end in the form of a bibliography. I am using the hyperref package and setting the bibliography manually via




In the current font size (11, which doesn't seem unreasonable) the URL's I am inserting often run over several lines. I would like to shrink them to either size 10 or size 9 point font.

How can I do this?

Is there a \fontsize{text here} command or something like that which I can use?

  • If you're using \url to set the URL, then you should follow the instructions listed in Forcing linebreaks in \url. It's better to maintain the same font size rather than switching to something smaller/different from the main text. If you really have to, you can use font switches/declarations, like {\small\ttfamily <url>}. See What point (pt) font size are \Large etc.? for a list of font switches. – Werner Aug 31 '15 at 17:22
  • @Werner No I don't want line breaks in the URL, LaTeX is doing those just fine for me automatically - what I want to do it shrink the font, either 1 or 2 pt down. – user3728501 Aug 31 '15 at 17:25
  • You can also issue \sloppy inside your thebibliography environment and then contain the URL inside \mbox{<url>}. For stepping down one point, use \small. See What point (pt) font size are \Large etc.? – Werner Aug 31 '15 at 17:30
  • @Werner what does \sloppy do? – user3728501 Aug 31 '15 at 17:37
  • Let us continue this discussion in chat. – Werner Aug 31 '15 at 17:37

My suggestion would be against adjusting font sizes in favour of consistency. If line-breaking is a problem, consider following the suggestions in Forcing linebreaks in \url.

However, you can change the font size of a URL locally using

... {\small \url{<URL>}} ...

For making a global change to font sizes, use


in your preamble.

Depending on the size of \normalsize, \small will provide the next step smaller text. For a list of the font sizes associated with these font switches/declarations, see What point (pt) font size are \Large etc.?

  • For anyone reading the above comments - I was getting the error when putting \small inside of \url, but reversing the ordering as Werner suggested fixed the issue. – user3728501 Aug 31 '15 at 19:40

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