$$\left( a_1, a_2, \cdots a_m \right) \mapsto a_1 + \frac{1}{a_2 + \frac{1}{\cdots + \frac{1}{a_m}}}$$

I want to change the cdots into three dots like the following

space dot
space space dot

(Can't find the words to describe this in English.)

Question: Is there an easy way to do this?

  • 1
    The word is probably 'diagonal'.
    – N.N.
    Aug 27, 2011 at 11:23
  • What do you mean with "magnified of course"?
    – N.N.
    Aug 27, 2011 at 12:04
  • Removed that to prevent Babylonian type of comms. ;-) Aug 27, 2011 at 13:41

2 Answers 2

  1. Use \ddots for diagonal dots (see §3.12. "Punctuation" in Short Math Guide for LaTeX).

  2. Also consider to use \cfrac for continued fractions (see §5.4. "Continued fractions" in Short Math Guide for LaTeX).


\usepackage{amsmath}% For \cfrac in the second example


\[% Here I've just changed the second occurence of \cdots to \vdots
\left( a_1, a_2, \cdots a_m \right) \mapsto a_1 + \frac{1}{a_2 + \frac{1}{\ddots \, + \frac{1}{a_m}}}

\[% \cfrac instead of \frac . This looks much better!
\left( a_1, a_2, \cdots a_m \right) \mapsto a_1 + \cfrac{1}{a_2 + \cfrac{1}{\ddots \, + \cfrac{1}{a_m}}}


Equations with diagonal dots



\left( a_1, a_2, \cdots a_m \right) \mapsto a_1 
   + \dfrac{1}{a_2 
   + \dfrac{1}{\mkern10mu\raisebox{-0.25\height}{$\ddots$} 
   + \dfrac{1}{a_m}}} 


enter image description here

  • \dfrac is the same as displaystyle\frac
  • \mkern reserves space in math units (1mu=1/18 em)
  • \raisebox is self explanatory

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