I would like to produce from LaTeX (MiKTeX, TeXnicCenter) both a black and white, and a colored version of my document. It contains vector graphics with several lines in one plot. In the color version, they should have different colors and solid strokes, while in the b&w version, they should have black color and different strokes.
Ideally, I would like to have a single PDF that contains both "styles" for different output methods, but I guess that PDF is not meant for that. I could not find any information on that. Maybe I just lack the proper search terms.
Is there a way to either produce one such document, or to compile two different PDF documents from one TeX source, possibly by only changing one option in its header? To be clear, I would like to avoid having two different TeX sources for the two styles.
Edit: I produce my EPS files via MATLAB R2010a export.